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Sonic Boom – gaming's hedgehog hero reinvented

If you played video games in the nineties, you know Sonic the Hedgehog. You know how Sega dreamed up its spiky, slightly rebellious hero as an answer to Nintendo’s moustache-wielding, mushroom-chomping Mario character. You also know this was very much the Blur vs Oasis of the gaming world, dividing a whole generation along pixellated battle lines. Were you Sonic or were you Mario? School playgrounds around the world were bitterly divided.

Over the following twenty years, Sega has updated its mascot for every new generation of hardware, providing fresh enemies and revised environments, and bridging the gap between the character’s 2D origins and the three-dimensional worlds of modern games. There have been notable successes: the first four brilliant, revolutionary titles, Sonic Rush on the Nintendo DS, Sonic Adventure 2 on Dreamcast. There have been depressing failures, too (we’re looking at you, extreme sports travesty, Sonic Riders, and you Sonic Unleashed, in which Sonic turns into a, ugh, werehog). But the original creators of the game –Sonic Team – have usually been in full creative control, prodding their progeny forward with little tweaks here and a few graphical flourish there. A gradual evolution, then.

But that is about to change.

Sonic Boom is – Sega claims – a bold new take on its hedgehog icon, a sort of side-universe to the main series. David Corless, the global brand director for Sonic, likens it to the way Marvel and DC often have multiple comic book titles for each of their major super heroes. Developed as part of Sega’s current publishing deal with Nintendo, the game will launch only on Wii U and 3DS in the autumn. Who could have imaged a deal like that when Sonic arrived to challenge the Mario hegemony in 1991? Meanwhile, leading French animation studio OuiDo has been brought in to create a companion animated series to coincide with the launch – it’s the first new TV outing for Sonic since the anime series Sonic X ten years ago, and the first to to be developed in CGI. Sega has also inked a deal with Tomy to produce a range of tie-in action figures and playsets. This is a true cross-generation lunge at Sonic’s still vast fan base.

At the heart of it all is a co-op action adventure, allowing two players to team up and take on Sonic’s archenemy Dr Eggman and his hordes of metallic minions. Early teaser trailers, however, hint that a major new enemy is being added, although Sega is of course, remaining tight-lipped for now. What we do know is there are four familiar heroes to choose from – Sonic, naturally, and his friends Knuckles, Tails and Amy, each with their own specific moves and abilities.

What will immediately strike veteran fans is the pretty radical re-design of these familiar platforming icons. Sonic now has a dashing scarf (yes, hedgehogs accessorise) and athletic tape wrapped round his wrists, like a boxer. Also... he has completely blue arms now. Blue arms! They were sort of flesh coloured before – and have been since the beginning. He looks grown up. Which is the point. “The objective was to make the characters instantly recognisable as being from Sonic Boom,” says Bob Rafei, the creative director at LA-based studio Big Red Button, which is handling the new title. “We explored various costume options and quickly found the limits of what works and what doesn’t. Since we wanted to push the characterisation of Sonic and friends to fit our narrative, I thought it more appropriate to make them a touch older by adjusting their head, hand and feet proportions. The athletic tape hints at a team that is ready for any action – it is about practicality rather than vanity. Given they have very clean graphic lines, it was important not to clutter their silhouettes, so any little addition had to be carefully considered. They are designed for an epic action adventure.”

The emphasis of the game will be on how the characters collaborate through each level. Sonic has speed (duh), but Knuckles has strength, Tails has his gadgets, and Amy wields her usual gigantic hammer. On top of this, the studio has added a new mechanic, the ‘ener-beam’ a sort of elastic force that links the two player characters together. This is clearly a way of preventing players from straying too far apart on screen, but it can also be exploited in useful various ways – for example, stretching the link to its limit in order to catapult one character over a chasm or into an enemy. It’s a weird concept, it sounds sort of awkward, but at least it is new.

Rafei insists he was determined to avoid some of the cliches of cooperative play. “It was one of our biggest challenges,” he says. “We constantly had to remind ourselves not to fall into the trap of creating babysitting, escort or protection style scenarios where one player is gated by the other simply for the sake of co-op. What we don’t want is forced co-op play resulting in excessive interruption to gameplay momentum. Through extensive play-testing we settled on the right balance of opportunistic moments in combat and co-op environmental puzzles placed at key moments that are meaningful to the player.”

So what sort of game is it really? A 3D platformer? An open-world adventure? Rafei, who once worked at world renowned studio Naughty Dog on titles like Crash Bandicoot and Jak & Daxter, says the team was most heavily inspired by Sonic the Hedgehog 2 and the later Sega Dreamcast game, Sonic Adventure, which shifted the feel of the series from platforming to 3D action and exploration. “Sonic 2 had a ‘team’ vibe between Sonic and Tails and we wanted to recapture that plus kick things up a notch by adding Amy and Knuckles to the equation,” he explains. “In Sonic Adventure, the game’s structure offered exploration and discovery that opened up more as the player progressed. We believe this is a great approach and modelled Sonic Boom after it. We also love what Sonic Team did with Sonic Generations, giving the player 2D and 3D variations of the same level. Our take was to integrate 2D and 3D seamlessly within the level in a way that made sense, keeping things fresh for the player.”

The environments we’ve glimpsed will be very familiar to Sonic veterans. Lush green hills, azure skies, glowing beaches extending off into a nuclear explosion of a sunset. This time though, everything has been designed with both a game and an animated TV series in mind. The developers at Big Red Button worked closely with OuiDo to get the look of the characters and the world just right, using some of the same art and CGI assets and sharing their ideas with Sonic Team’s Japanese heads who oversaw and advised on the whole project. “There was lots of collaboration on the design side,” says OuiDo executive producer, Evan Baily. “On the TV side, our director, Natalys Raut-Sieuzac, led the way, along with Sandrine and OuiDo’s team of designers. We had creative sessions in San Francisco, Paris, and Tokyo, with people talking all at once in three different languages. It was very exciting to put our heads together to find a look that felt true to the DNA of Sonic, but also new.“

Sonic Boom – the reinvention of a gaming icon, in pictures

The result is that both the game and the TV series take ideas and inspiration from each other. “Game and TV animation are different animals so we looked for opportunities to cross-pollinate ideas,” says Rafei. “Characters that were developed for the game crossed over to the show and vice versa. Guidelines we developed with Sonic team for bosses, as example, were carried over to the show in effort to have consistency.“

A key concern for Big Red Button has apparently been to explore the unique touchscreen interfaces of the Wii U and 3DS consoles. The former comes with its GamePad controller, which features its own screen like a tablet PC. “The GamePad display has given us a great solution for local co-op play,” says Rafei. “We tried different solutions for our co-op camera, including single split-screen display, but ultimately this wasn’t able to service our game vision. The GamePad also has a look-around mode where the player can scan the environment looking for clues and hints to secrets in the game. As for 3DS, there are some crossover plans between it and the Wii U involving special unlocks for Sonic fans who have both versions.”

With firm details of the game rather lacking right now, skeptical Sonic veterans will no doubt feel they have been here, or hereabouts before. Sega has promised great things from previous Sonic reinventions, but the games have always been anchored to the immutable origins of the character as a 2D hero, a relic of the Mega Drive era. Sega conceded to this with its 2011 title Sonic Generations, which mixed 2D stages in with 3D environments, tugging at the heartstrings of nostalgic fans. Sonic is, in someways, gaming’s Star Wars, an entertainment brand lodged in the memories of thirty-something fans who remember how they once idolised the series but have then had to put up with years of diminishing returns. There have been bright spots, certainly, but can we ever find our way back to Sonic 1, 2 or 3, to the sheer design genius that drove Yuji Naka, Naoto Ōshima and Hirokazu Yasuhara to disrupt the sedate flow of the platforming genre?

Sonic Boom, then, has a lot to prove. Keeping fans onboard while attempting to ensnare the eight-to-11 year-olds will be a huge challenge. And we’ve seen far too little to know how it has been met. No doubt Sega will be showing more of the game at the huge E3 video game conference in Los Angeles in June. And the publisher is currently working on deals with TV channels to host the 11min animated episodes. This new action adventure, with its emphasis on comic escapades and an older cast, carries a lot of weight on its re-energised shoulders. The Sonic vs Mario wars may be officially over, but some of us still root for Sega’s spiky icon. This is an intriguing offshoot, but let’s hope it shoots off in the right direction.

Sonic Boom - gallery


It’s Sonic the Hedgehog’s30th anniversary today, and what better way to pay tribute to the Blue Blur himself on his big day than by ignoring him entirely to talk about the real star of the show? Shadow the Hedgehog, Sonic’s rival who debuts in Sonic Adventure 2, has a birthday to celebrate too, because it’s also Sonic Adventure 2’s 20th anniversary week. Folks, I want Sega and Sonic Team to love my precious anti-hero son again. But in the years since he received his much-maligned solo game in 2005, it seems like both companies are willing to let him be the insufferable edgelord people always thought he was.

When Shadow first appeared as the “Dark” counterpart to Sonic, the black hedgehog was the introverted, brooding, loner foil to Sonic’s happy-go-lucky, impulsive nature. The contrasts between the two took clear inspiration from dynamics like Goku and Vegeta’s rivalry in Dragon Ball Z. For at least a few games, it actually struck a meaningful balance between the two. Shadow wasn’t an edgelord — he was just an enigmatic character with a tragic backstory and an ambiguous motive.

Shadow was created as part of an experiment researching immortality fifty years before Sonic’s time. He was to be the Ultimate Life Form. It was all to find a cure for Maria Robotnik, the terminally ill granddaughter of Shadow’s creator Dr. Gerald Robotnik, the grandfather of series antagonist Dr. Eggman. After government officials deemed the project too dangerous, the space station research facility where Shadow and Maria resided was raided, resulting in Maria’s death, while Shadow was sent down to Earth.

The hedgehog was awoken 50 years later by Dr. Eggman. With modified memories courtesy of his creator and vengeance in his heart, he hoodwinked both his allies and rivals into nearly destroying the entire world, before realizing this isn’t what Maria would have wanted. Undoing his own plan and saving the world nearly cost Shadow his life, but he reappeared in Sonic Heroes as an amnesiac in one of Dr. Eggman’s labs, with his connection to his previous life being told to him, rather than something he felt. He couldn’t remember his relationship with Maria or the characters he came to know in Sonic Adventure 2, like jewel thief Rouge the Bat. With the help of Rouge and their new robot friend E-123 Omega, Shadow seeks answers from Eggman about his memory and finds nothing but dead ends and more questions. Eggman even uses his likeness in a new line of androids to do his bidding, leaving the game on a surprisingly dark note for a mascot platform of the time: the Shadow we’ve been playing might not even be the real deal. 

From Sonic Heroes onward, Shadow’s story became a tale of a character who had been created for a scientific breakthrough, repurposed as a weapon, and then used as a blueprint for a new wave of robots to do Dr. Eggman’s bidding. For a 50-year-old character, he’s spent most of his life being told he exists for purposes beyond his own autonomy. His heel turn at the end of Sonic Adventure 2 to go against the revenge scheme is one of the first times Shadow decided anything for himself. With Maria gone and Robotnik’s plans stopped, what purpose does Shadow’s life serve?

And that’s the thesis of his own game that launched in 2005, a game with so many bad ideas that it altered the character’s trajectory into an unrecognizable caricature of himself. This sucks because, in spite of itself, Shadow the Hedgehog’s exploration of a character trying to define their identity through uncovering their past is such an interesting foundation for a game with multiple endings. But the sloppy and abstract execution gets easily lumped in with the bad ideas of giving a hedgehog a gun and having him swear. There are choices made and missions completed, but the culmination of all of these is rarely reflected in the ending you obtain. As the entire thing has to be modular and can change from mission to mission. Each ending brings Shadow to a different conclusion about himself, but it’s hardly real character development. It’s just a “what if” scenario. It’s effective in what it’s trying to illustrate, but the getting there is arbitrary.

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Shadow the Hedgehog has a lot of the same running and jumping as a standard Sonic game, but its missions give each level a branching path. Each culminates in Shadow finding a specific handful of facts about his history, leading him to different interpretations of who he is and who he should be. On paper, it’s a fascinating look at how perspective and choice can lead us on a different trajectory. Unfortunately, it is surrounded by one of the worst gameplay experiences in the series’ 3D era.

The focus on firearms just makes matters worse, lacking anything comparable to third-person shooters at the time, all in the name of making a “mature” Sonic the Hedgehog game. Even for a darker character, the whole thing went overboard and is even acknowledged by the game itself. In the first level, where all branching paths begin, Sonic says during the tutorial he “wouldn’t be caught dead using those things” about the firearms Shadow can use. And he was right because Shadow wasn’t using guns in his next playable appearance in Sonic the Hedgehog (2006).

The whole thing was just such an ill-informed mess, even when it had interesting things to say about how Shadow’s choices make him who he is. The whole meditation on this was academic in the end: By unlocking the game’s Last Story by reaching every possible ending, it’s revealed that Shadow would leave his past and move forward, regardless of where he came from. Which, to Sega and Sonic Team’s credit, is really solidified in Sonic ‘06, which is rightfully viewed as the series’ greatest 3D misfire. But Shadow’s role in it, even 15 years after the dumpster fire went crashing onto the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360, still stands out as some of the best writing of the franchise.

Without getting too far into the details, Sonic ‘06 is about time travel nonsense. As far as it concerns Shadow and his newfound determination to stand up for what he believes in, regardless of what the world tells him he is, there’s really one major plot point to touch on. In the future that everyone is trying to avoid in this game, the world will turn against Shadow for fear of his power. They’re even going to send his friend and ally Omega to do it.

If Shadow hadn’t made the decisions he had in his own game, this might have shaken him and turned him right back into a villain. But this isn’t the same confused hedgehog who was still trying to find out who he was. He knows who he is, and knowing that the world would one day turn against him won’t stop him from doing what’s right. In a game that has, deservedly so, gone down in history as one of the worst games to ever grace a console, Shadow’s role in it shows an understanding of a story that’s been four games in the making, even if it’s had bumps in the road along the way.

That clear care for the character Sega and Sonic Team had been writing four those four games has made Shadow’s treatment in the years since honestly painful to watch. The hedgehog once created to be the Ultimate Life Form had decided his own path and had grown close to his friends Rouge and Omega in the process, and friendly to Sonic as well, even if they remained rivals. So who the fuck is this guy?

In the years since Sonic ‘06, Shadow (along with most of Sonic’s friends) has been sidelined to put more focus on the blue guy. As a result, the series has been lacking the more elaborate storytelling of the Sonic Adventure era. But it also means these characters, who had complex backstories and character arcs, have been reduced to quippy, one-dimensional versions of themselves. And given that Shadow had been the source of a lot of the series’ most intricate storytelling, his regression has been the most apparent and also the hardest to swallow.

Shadow has since gone from dealing with his own uncertainty and finding comfort in allies like Rouge and Omega to a cliche rival character belittling Sonic for his reliance on his friends in the Sonic Boom games and animated show. His appearances as a tentpole playable character have been downsized to a villain games can pluck into the mix to give Sonic someone to run faster than for a level.

Sonic Forces attempts to alleviate this by giving Shadow his own DLC stages, marking his first playable role in a platformer in over a decade. Still, the storytelling and characterization are so comparatively thin it doesn’t amount to much. A lot of this comes down to the series’ ensemble cast being relegated to talking heads, leaving almost no room for the same character-driven storytelling that made these anthropomorphic animals compelling in the first place.

We don’t really know what the future of the Sonic franchise holds, as the only thing we know about the next mainline game is a teaser trailer andpossibly a name, but Sega wants it to be something with thesame impact as Sonic Adventure in 1998. That game set the series on a path to the storytelling that led to some of its best character work, and it’s a path the franchise has long since run in the opposite direction of as it focused almost solely on the franchise’s namesake. I hope that whatever is next remembers that, at one point, these characters weren’t just set dressing for Sonic to run past. And that whatever version of Shadow appears in the future is one that hasn’t forgotten the bonds that made him more than the edgelord people thought he was and more than the edgelord Sega has since made him.

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High-Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop - David A. McCurdy

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Department of Sonic boom propagation can be affected by atmospheric turbulence. FUN3D Manual :: Chapter 2: Reference Information. NASA Langley Scientific and Technical Information Outputs1994. 1–17 Google Scholar. 1966 – All 42 on board are killed when Braniff Flight 250, a BAC One-Eleven, flies into an active squall line and breaks apart in mid-air near Falls City, Nebraska. In 2004, Page received the NASA HQ Turning Goals into Reality award for her role in the Shaped Sonic Boom Demonstrator Program. Reducing the sonic boom signature is vital if the vehicle is to be operated over land and economically viable. Sonic boom acceptability studies. PDF Cart3D Simulations for the Second AIAA Sonic.

sonic booms,” Proceedings, High-Speed Research Workshop on Sonic Boom. Get this from a library! High-speed research : 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop : configuration design, analysis, and testing : proceedings of a workshop held in Hampton, Virginia, June 1-3, 1994. Cart3D Simulations for the Second AIAA Sonic Boom Prediction Workshop. Stewart, Compilers This publication is a compilation of Langley s scientific and technical research output for 1994 NASA High Speed Research Program Sonic Boom Workshop 5. He was a human scientist and the grandfather of Maria Robotnik and Dr. David A McCurdy; Langley Research Center.;. Breaking news and video. In 1958, the United States launched Vanguard I into a medium Earth orbit (MEO). Sonic Boom ies, NASA Conference Publication 3279, edited by D. And just as the boat’s wake impinges on the entire shoreline as it travels the lake, a supersonic aircraft’s sonic boom impinges on the earth’s surface for the entire supersonic journey. Get this from a library! High-speed research : 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop : atmospheric propagation and acceptability studies.

The purpose was to make presentations on current research activities and accomplishments and to assess progress in the area of sonic boom since the program was initiated in FY-90. David A McCurdy; Langley Research Center.;. FlashAlertPortland - Press Releases. I.13 High Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop, Atmospheric 1.9 Sullivan, Brenda M.; Klos, Jacob; Buehrie, Ralph D.; McCurdy, David A.; and . Affordable Design and Manufacturing (ADAM) Workshop. National Park System is generally based on short-term sound level measurements or visitor response surveys associated with regulatory evaluation of noise intrusions from motorized recreational vehicles, tour aircraft, or nearby. NASA s space shuttle Endeavour recently returned to the Orbiter Processing Facility (OPF) at NASA s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, after its successful mission to the Internatio. It has been simulated sonic booms, Proceedings, High-Speed Research Workshop on. McCurdy (1994) Bibliography (Part 4) - Airport Noise. Jones, one of the premier theoretical aerodynamicists of the twentieth century, was a research scientist with NASA, and its predecessor NACA, from 1934 until his retirement in 1982, when he joined the Stanford faculty as a consulting professor in aeronautics. In a catalog of known launches until July 2009, the Union of Concerned Scientists listed 902 operational satellites from a known population of 19,000 large objects and about 30,000 objects launched. Propagation of finite amplitude sound through turbulence: Modeling. The National Science Foundation (NSF) supports research, innovation, and discovery that provides the foundation for economic growth in this country. Twenty-nine papers were presented during the 2-1/2 day workshop.

In most games, the workshop s main purpose is to store the Tornado, a plane owned by Sonic but typically piloted and maintained by Tails.

Breaking News, Latest News and Current News from RESound uses geometric propagation techniques for fast computation of propagation paths from a source to a listener and takes into account specular reflections, diffuse reflections, and edge diffraction. The review was designed to bring together NASA and industry HighSpeed Civil Transport (HSCT) Aerodynamic Performance technology development participants in areas.

Richard Wiggs stepped in to organize letters of protest. Propagation of finite amplitude sound through turbulence. New Opportunities for Research on Critical Supersonic Technologies: High-speed flight is a major technological challenge for both commerci.

By advancing the frontiers of science and engineering, our nation can develop the knowledge and cutting edge technologies needed to address the challenges we face today and will face in the future. The site facilitates research and collaboration in academic endeavors. Shock wave physics and detonation physics — a stimulus. Published research in the U.S. Tails Lab, also known as Tails Workshop or Tails House, is Tails basic operating location which he uses to construct his inventions. Session: Special Session: Low Boom Activities II. Shock wave physics and detonation physics - Springer.

It also functions as his second home, where he usually can be found hard at work. 100 Years of Progress in Atmospheric Observing Systems. Handling the big jets : an explanation of the significant differences in flying qualities between jet transport aeroplanes and piston engined transport aeroplanes, together with some other aspects of jet transport handling / by D. The workshop used three required models of increasing.

Giddings, NASA CP 3279, High Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop, 81-98, October (1994).

Sonic Boom ies, NASA Conference Publication 3279, edited by D. High-speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop—Atmospheric Propagation and Acceptability Studies, edited by D. Government, and the military gathered at NASA Langley Research Center for a 2-day workshop on the state of the art of sonic boom physics, methodology, and understanding.

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Published in High-speed research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop – Atmospheric propagation and acceptability studies (Rept. NASA CP 3279, 1994), edited by D.A. NASA-95-cp3291p689-96.pdf - Pages: 8 - C. Trent, On the dynamics of a bull whip, JASA 30, 1112–1115 (1958) Google Scholar. – The efficiency Two-layer detonation theory: in 1899, the British chemist David L. 10087, (Date of general release 4/30/1994) First Annual High-Speed Research Workshop, May 14-16 Propagation Summary of the Second AIAA Sonic. 59 Best Airplanes/ Spacecraft/ Flying Shit images.

This fully automated approach delivers significantly better instrumentation performance than similar tools. High-Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop: Atmospheric. Cart3D Simulations for the First AIAA Sonic Boom Prediction Workshop.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) estimates. Staff - Environmental Measurement and Modeling Volpe. Blackstock; Department of Mechanical Engineering,. Chapman 156 and, a few Published in High-speed research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop − Atmospheric propagation McCurdy, pp. Authors · Booksellers · Companies · Educators · Librarians · Researchers · Standards Contributors · Students . NASA Langley Scientific and Technical Information Outputs1994 Marilou S. The results from the model experiment, pressure wave forms of spark-produced N waves and turbulence characteristics of the plane jet, are used to test various sonic boom models for propagation through turbulence. Sonic boom minimization including both front and rear shocks. Wayne Mastin, Multilevel Elliptic Smoothing of Large Three-Dimensional Grids, Workshop on Surface Modeling, Grid Generation, and Related Issues in CFD Solutions, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland. Rodriguez and Numerical methodology for evaluating the effect of sleepers in the underbody flow of a high-speed train. New Opportunities for Research on Critical Supersonic. GROUND-RECORDED SONIC BOOM SIGNATURES OF F-18 AIRCRAFT IN FORMATION FLIGHT Catherine M.

Finally, a discussion of the levels of the sonic. Adjoint-Based Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Complex. Sonic boom propagation can be affected by atmospheric turbulence. OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) Section III: Chapter. Tails Lab Sonic News Network FANDOM powered by Wikia. The purposes of the workshop were to assess the state of the art in the sonic boom area, to determine areas where additional sonic boom research.

NASA s High-Speed Research Program sponsored the 1998 Aerodynamic Performance Technical Review on February 9-13, in Los Angeles, California.

1, A summary is provided for the Second AIAA Sonic Boom Workshop held 8–9 January 2017 in conjunction with AIAA SciTech 2017. The project began when an article appeared in the London Observer in 1963 citing a research study on the effects of noise pollution and the sonic boom. View a list of the Volpe Center s Environmental Measurement and Modeling Division s publications and papers on the topic of acoustics. Cart3D Simulations for the Second AIAA Sonic Boom Prediction Workshop. The mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by OSHA or the U.S. Aerodynamics Conference, HI Honolulu I.13 High Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop, Atmospheric. 7 Jul 2011 which initiated R&D of high-speed combat planes in the late 1930s.

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Propagation of finite amplitude sound through - Scitation. Fox News - Breaking News Updates Latest News Headlines. Several different propagation models were compared, and an analysis of the sonic boom at the edge of the primary carpet established that the levels there are bounded. 6 Sep 2016 through a turbulent atmosphere.

David Luquet 1 Shock waves and sonic boom in inhomogeneous media 4.3 Example of vertical profiles of mean sound speed (left) and flow top to bottom: initial N- wave, spiked waveform, multiple spiked wave- Sonic Boom Workshop.

She was an advisor to research on taxiing aircraft fuel burn and emissions reduction and development of best practices for GA fuel tank sampling. High-Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop: Atmospheric Propagation and Acceptability Studies By David A.

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But, the research and development of supersonic technology had similar opposition in Britain under the leadership of Richard Wiggs. Pearsons 1993Comparison of Methods of Predicting Community Response to Impulsive and Nonimpulsive Noise. Sonic boom minimization including both front High-speed research : 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop. SELECTED PUBLICATIONS - University of California, Davis.

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The determination of the magnitude of sonic boom exposure which would be acceptable to the general population requires, as a starting point, a method to assess and compare individual sonic booms.

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Latest Current News: U.S., World, Entertainment, Health, Business, Technology. 1.9 Sullivan, Brenda M.; Klos, Jacob; Buehrie, Ralph D.; McCurdy, David Propagation of finite amplitude sound through turbulence - Scitation. Construction Watch: AXIS 360 – Buffalo Rising. la momentul octombrie 2009, it is the oldest surviving piece of man-made space debris still in orbit. A High-Speed Sonic Boom Workshop was held at LaRC of Feb.

By: Robert limit speed exceeds a Mach number of 1, to or from an airport in the United States, unless-- Real- Time sonic boom display, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center PowerPoint Slides. Figure 2-1 provides a chronology of some important scientific discoveries in atmospheric sciences during the past 100 years overlaid with some observing system milestones. Minute of its operation, high-speed pumps must force nearly three tons of hydrogen, which has been stored in liquid form at 420°F below zero, past the reactor’s white-hot fuel elements which reach a temperature of 4,000°F. Presented to: Flight Test Safety Workshop. Portal:Aviation/Anniversaries/August - Wikipedia. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Vol. The third High-Speed Research Sonic Boom Workshop was held at NASA Langley Research Center on June 1-3, 1994. NASA Conference Publication 3279, edited by D.

Authors Booksellers Companies Educators Librarians Researchers Standards Contributors Students. Hydro flame rv furnace troubleshooting web site: larry: 3-7-03 : I have a hydro flame 8500 #11 rv furnace in my motorhome that seems to be not working properity,it fires up ok, but not much heat.If someone can tell me if hydro flame has a troubleshooting web site I would appreciate it. Case Studies - An Assessment of the Small Business. The natural sonic environment, or soundscape, of parks and wilderness areas is not yet fully characterized in a scientific sense. NASA - Dryden Technical Report Server. The purpose of this workshop was to provide a forum for Government. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America89(1). 3D simulation of acoustical shock waves propagation through. Controlling Sonic Boom Loudness Through Outer Mold Line Modification: A Sensitivity Study · Forrest L. Model experiment to study sonic boom propagation through. Acoustics: Publications and Papers Browse publications by year: 2010 - Present Christopher J., Fleming, Gregg G., Rapoza, Amanda S., Boeker, Eric R., McCurdy, David A., Shepherd, Kevin P., Behind Start.

This paper was presented at the 1995 High Speed Research Program Sonic Boom Workshop, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, September 12-13, 1995.

Propagation Summary of the Second AIAA Sonic Boom Prediction Workshop. Professor Gerald Robotnik (プロフェッサー・ジェラルド・ロボトニック Purofessā Jerarudo Robotonikku) is a character from the Sonic the Hedgehog series.

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McCurdy; The third High-Speed Research Sonic Boom Workshop was held at NASA Langley Research Center on June 1-3, 1994. 1969 – A sonic boom from an air show smashes windows in eight blocks of downtown Kelowna. It has been simulated sonic booms,'' Proceedings, High-Speed Research Workshop on. GEORGE and Full Configuration Low Boom Model and Grids for 2014 Sonic Boom Prediction Workshop.

For efficiency, Pin uses several techniques, including inlining, register re-allocation, liveness analysis, and instruction scheduling to optimize instrumentation. 71 Best Aircraft images Aircraft, Aviation, Military. John Morgenstern; 5 January 2013.

And this entire system must be capable of operating for hours and of being turned off and restarted with great. Mendoza, Sonic Boom Predication and Minimization Using Computational Fluid Dynamics , NASA Conf. Keyes, ICASE Research Quarterly, Vol. Lamb David, May 1998, ``Prediction of Vortex Breakdown in Leading Edge Vortices. Sonic Boom Awareness in the Civil Supersonic Cockpit - Flight. (PDF) Special Issue on Current Challenges in Materials Design. The purpose of this workshop was to provide a forum for Government, industry, and university participants to present and discuss progress in their research. Utilizator:Jobava-ro/ciorne/Gunoi spațial - Wikipedia.

Application to sonic boom.

FOREWORD: The Journal The chapter overviews the market, environmental issues, the sonic boom and solutions, technological issues, including prediction methods, flight testing, systems, certification, and interested aerospace companies and design organisations. Department of Sonic boom propagation can be affected by atmospheric turbulence. Sonic boom minimization including both front and rear shocks. In previous papers, we have shown that model experiments are successful in simulating the propagation of sonic booms through the atmospheric turbulent boundary layer.

High-Speed Research: 1994 Sonic Boom Workshop We present an interactive algorithm and system (RESound) for sound propagation and rendering in virtual environments and media applications. Controlling Sonic Boom Loudness Through Outer Mold Line Modification: A Sensitivity Study Forrest L. 22 Aug 2005 The first HSR workshop was hosted by NASA Langley in May 1991 at McCurdy, David A.: High-Speed Research: 1994 Sonic. Sonic Boom Interaction with Turbulence, Z.

2-1, seminal papers are called out as milestone events, even though the papers in most cases relied on previous work and work on the topic continued after the papers were published. Noise, or unwanted sound, is one of the most common occupational hazards in American workplaces.

A world-renowned scientist who is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest. There is no consensus within the scientific and regulatory communities regarding an appropriate sonic boom assessment metric. The field of targeted toxins and the brain was largely ignored by mainstream research, and the company was started in 1994 with a specific focus on selling targeted agents, especially for neurological research. Aerodynamics Conference, HI Honolulu Propagation Summary of the Second AIAA Sonic Boom Prediction. References Community Response to High-Energy Impulsive.

Currently a Mechanical Engineer, Engineering Product Development, The Ford Company, Detroit, Michigan. NASA Dryden Flight Research Center Edwards, California. Rusak, Zvi - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The sonic boom is pulled along with the aircraft analogous to the way a boat on a lake pulls its wake through the water. Schultz 1991Updating a dosage-effect relationship for the prevalence of noise-related annoyance.

Sonic kiss Shadow The hedgehog - Sonic boom Prank Shadow and Maria love Story sonadow - Kim 100


Sonic The Hedgehog, profile picture
Sonic The Hedgehog ist bei Facebook. Um dich mit Sonic The Hedgehog zu verbinden, tritt Facebook noch heute bei.
Sonic The Hedgehog, profile picture
Sonic The Hedgehog ist bei Facebook. Um dich mit Sonic The Hedgehog zu verbinden, tritt Facebook noch heute bei.
Buster Moon, profile picture
Dr Eggman, Tails, Knuckles, Sticks, Amy, & Sonic
Tatyana Fernandez, profile picture
Witch one is Miles "Tails" Prower's voice? He's my favorite character
Autumn O'Neil, profile picture
Sonic, who does your voice?
Heather O'Hanlon, profile picture
Heather O'Hanlon, profile picture
Megan Ridyard, profile picture
Oh man, Roger's picture... Lol :-) You rock dude! Not forgetting Mike, Cindy and the others, they're awesome too... :)
Julian Chrobak-Prince, profile picture
And then Mike's just got that normal picture.
Silvia Navarro, profile picture
Wow lol roger Craig smith he is my sonic voice actor! ^ . ^*
Gianella Campomanes, profile picture
Tha frist man is Eggman ?
Ethan Wittstock, profile picture
Kyle Lundquist, profile picture
One of these days, I would LOVE to see Mike Pollock do a Doctor Eggman cosplay, just for the fans! Although that mustache would take years to grow... X3 :P
Maria Rose, profile picture
Hahahaha! Oh that Roger. :) he's got the best selfie out of all of them. P.S. Mike pollock is still an awesome guy! Can't wait for the games and tv show. Look out November! Sonic boom is coming this way! Boom! :)
Jake Heaton, profile picture
Eggman, Tails, Knuckles, Sticks, Amy and Sonic
Sean Kelly, profile picture
While I know Mike Pollock is great as Eggman, the rest of the cast deserves more respect.
Leyland Pearson, profile picture
Oh god, Roger. I have a feeling that's how his character would take a selfie!
Morgan Somers, profile picture
Roger's face is priceless! love it!
Gerardo Chacon, profile picture
I love this cast, they know have to have fun. :)
Hrag Avakian, profile picture
Kara Rohlman, profile picture
You all are awesome for the cast. Sure the cast of the past were great, but you guys are good, especially you, Mike, you never cease to amaze me as Doctor Eggman
Jose Gabriel Siles, profile picture
I never really had a favourite actor for sonic or the crew. They all got replaced so often that it never really mattered to me unless the current performances of the moment were bad for some reason. But in the end I still admit I admired Ryan's love for the role and how willing he's to come back despite being treated unprofessionally by Sega.
Caolan Robinson, profile picture
Robyn Wolph, profile picture
I LOVE Mike Pollock as Eggman. Best Eggman voice: EVER! :)
Ashley Williams, profile picture
i still mis jason griffth and amy palant
Michael Peters II, profile picture
Roger and mikes pictures are hilarious lol
Deronn Hanson, profile picture
Jason G was the best i hope they bring him back and ingore some of the fan crazy comment about him sega
Hairum Redgrave, profile picture
All Hail Roger Craig Smith!

The sonic boom hedgehog maria

Sonic origin comic

Robotnik, derives from the Sonic the Hedgehog BibleDownload free DC and Marvel Comics only on ComicsCodes. 5 Cream the Rabbit 1. Brawl, he is unlockable, instead of being available from the start. 4 Green Goblin 1. The series held the records for longest running video game-based comic and longest running licensed comic series. 1:04; Aug 9, 2021. 1 1 History 1. This is a new take on the Sonic the Hedgehog back-story. Aug 10, 2021 · Knuckles is an ally and sometimes enemy of Sonic in the games. Lucifer Morningstar is a fallen rebel archangel who was cast out of Heaven and onto Earth as punishment for leading the revolt of the angels. 0 or later. SONIC THE HEDGEHOG Regular Series Issues 0 through 290 and IDW Published Sonic #1-20. added by 1 HistoryEdit 2 Powers and AbilitiesEdit 2. May 27, 2021 · At its Sonic Central event, Sega announced a number of new games, including the remastered Sonic Colors: Ultimate for the PS4, Xbox One, and Nintendo Switch; retro collection Sonic Origins; and Jul 21, 2017 · Or sign in with one of these services. 2 Anime/Manga 6. 2 Fallout 3 Personality 4 Powers and Sonic’s first comic was a 16-page promo issue, released in 1991 to advertise Sonic 1. Like Mad, it was a black-and-white newsstand publication in a magazine format and thus did not require the approval or seal of the Comics Code Authority. See more ideas about sonic, sonic the hedgehog, sonic art. 1 Five Nights at Sonic's 1: 3. Cathy Classics August 22, 2010. Aug 16, 2021 · This update has 2 expensive things which are a Sonic Seiko Watch & a Sonic Sanrio Skate Board. 7 Legacy 1. Once the download is complete, extract the zip file and run S2HD. Genres : Adventure Games,Sonic Games. He is an anthropomorphic hedgehog, born with the ability to run faster than the speed of sound. Followers 0. Something Is Killing Children TP Vol 02 £10. For Better or For Worse. #16. Dark Horse, Dark Horse r/SonicTheHedgehog: Reddit's own hideout for any and all Sonic The Hedgehog fans! News, memes, discussion, and more. 2 Anime/Manga 10. Jul 28, 2015 · With great comic fonts around you don't have to hand-draw all the lettering . Hyper Sonic is the strongest and fastest Sonic character around. THE ORIGIN OF CHAOS! Script: Nigel Kitching Art: Richard Elson Lettering: Ellie De Ville Pocachamac reveals the truth about the creation of the Chaos Emeralds upon which the entire Echidna/Drakon war hinges. He is the completed work of his Grandfather, Gerald Robotnik. Origins Game Fair is an annual tabletop gaming convention held in Columbus, OH. 68. After being delayed so often in the past, this title has finally been released and, if anything, benefits from how long it took to publish, because it means we get even more extra content. Jan 26, 2011 · Sonic's real name is in fact Sonic. Flash Origins. " In other words, Tails' name has the exact same origin as Daredevil from Marvel Comics, with the added bonus that it's the only thing that Sonic However, Sonic Origins will have features that not even the Sega Ages versions have. 2 Enemies 6 Background Information 7 References In the past, Shadow tried to destroy Sonic the Hedgehog 12. Sonic and the warring factions also witness the creation of Chaos… Other stories: KNUCKLES: Total Chaotix (Part 3) […] Sonic Comic Origins and Mega Man X, Free Comic Book Day Edition #1 (June/July 2014) Archie, 2014 Series 1. 3 The Battle for Angel Island 1. Foolish Mortals. It's just that his mother, who is a shaman, decided to share his energies with seven girls in their neighborhood to help them overcome their cursed fates. Eggman has conquered much of the world with help from a powerful and mysterious new villain named Infinite. 1 Powers 2. 2. Episode #5 "Sonichu in Informal Meeting" Blake kidnaps Rosechu. "No. Not at your store. Informal but professional. The stories are designed to give readers insight into the histories of various characters as they occurred in the current Post-Super Genesis Wave TimelineSonic the Hedgehog has been the subject of many spin-offs in printed media. 2. -Muffin as Cream. ,999 . Eggman) for a burglar and tries to attack him. 32. 2000 AD Issue #2243. Comic artists add to the sexually charged atmosphere by drawing their objects of desire in exciting stories. While lost in the wastelands of Mobius, Sonic, Manic and Sonia stumble upon an oasis called Lake Valley Resort. Set to the all-new sonic backdrop of Awesome Mixtape #2, GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY VOL. Does anyone know where I can find scans of Snively's origins from SSD#12?Archie Comics announced that they will be making a new Sonic comic telling the origin story on the Blue Blur, but using his Classic Design. Now it’s super-villain vs. The links are provided solely by this site's users. He is the main antagonist of Sonic RPG. Sonic, known as commonly Clone Sonic, is the main antagonist of the Five Nights at Sonic's series. Learn more. Words may be introduced within or near each image, or they may be dispensed with altogether. S3AIR +23 ↺1 Sonic 3 A. In the reality of Sonic The Sonic 2 movie prequel will also focus on the stories of "new and returning characters," suggesting that either the Sonic movie Tails or Knuckles will get their own origin stories in the comic. When the game got burned down, she left in search of her father to brainwash him. In-universe, it is his Dark Super form. "Z" "X" "S" "D" and "C" Keys are action buttons. McBride describes his first encounter Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The Origan of how sonic and Robonik came to be. 2 Miles "Tails" Prower 1. Free for commercial use No attribution required High quality images. + −. In 2003 Sonic celebrated its fiftieth anniversary, and every Oklahoma town with a population of more than four thousand had "America's Drive-In. 1 History 1. Apparently it’s 2,482,669,000,000,000,000 miles per second, which is 2. 07. 77. New 2019 Sonic The Hedgehog Blaze the Cat Plush Toys 50 cm. Rainbow Dash is a female Pegasus pony and one of the main characters in My Little Pony Friendship is Magic. Tails is an intelligent fox who fights with technology and wits, while Shadow focuses on physical attacks and Chaos Control. Show Map. Name. Forbidden Planet is the world's largest and best-known comic, science fiction, fantasy and cult entertainment retailer! Compares reviews between critics. 104k members in the SonicTheHedgehog community. Appropriate for readers 13 and up. Look forward to hearing a lot more announcements about Sonic Origins in the near future. 2 Abilities 3 ParaphernaliaEdit 3. 3 Enemies 5 Quotes 6 Trivia 7 Gallery 7. The hub for Hazbin Hotel web comics. A time when he wasn’t ever present on video game shelves, where a cartoon featuring the character wasn’t airing on television, when a monthly comic book wasn’t available to buy at your local comic shop. Mike's brings you a wide range of features which catalog and index comics from a variety of publishers. HK +1 HarmoKnight. Comic Book Realm – Another option. Part Sep 20, 2014 · Sonic Origins (first 2 pages) So I thought I'd have a bit of downtime and get back to some comic work- something I haven't done for years now. As a member of the Echidna clan, he's tasked with protecting the Master Emerald. The random button was the hardest thing to make. As soon as Super Sonic crossed the finish line Noah was able to control him, and what looked like Tails was right behind him. 4 Powerless/Forge 1. View Biography. Sonic the Hedgehog is a female, but every one thinks she's male. 8 Web Original 7 Sonic is one of those character who doesn’t need to be presented. He is a mobian/hedgehog-Black Arm hybrid and the arch-rival of Sonic the Hedgehog. Avatar (The Last Airbender) This game is a cartoon game and it is also an action game. I’m surprised Bitch Planet is ostensibly a feminist take on exploitative women in prison movies. Funko DC Breast Cancer Awareness POP! Heroes Wonder Woman Vinyl Figure #167 [Bombshell] (Pre-Order ships October) . I am using the concept only, all other details for the established universe I will most likely redo or not use at all. There game is fun but a little difficult which will providing a good amount of challenge to new players. You can use left or right keyboard arrow keys to go to the back or next page. 1 Appearance 2 Personality 3 Powers and abilities 4 Trivia 5 References Please fill in this section. Sign in with Facebook. She is an anthropomorphic jungle badger and a force of nature in every way. The series ran for a total of 24 years (1993-2017) and 290 issues before its cancellation. Easily search titles such as Amazing Spider-Man, Batman, X-men and The Black Panther Apr 12, 2020 · Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Locate the executable file in your local folder and begin the launcher to install your desired game. 1 Games 1. For other versions of Shazam go here. This Sonic The Hedgehog comic is in NM+ CONDITION and is BAGGED & BOARDED. As in Super Smash Bros. Armed with a small craft and a training wrecking ball, she went out on patrol and soon came across Sonic the Hedgehog and Tempest the Dolphin trying to break the tiny Sonic Zombies is a parody series made by Balenaproductions using Garry's Mod. Browse Industry and Business. Mar 11, 2015 · Sonic Comic Origins Started by zackepic22, 11 Mar 2015. 1 Friends and Allies 4. The Sonic Boom comics were featured alongside Archie's Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Universe and Mega Man comics, as well as various other Sega and Capcom video game series as part of the 2015 Sonic/Mega Man crossover "Worlds Unite", with issues #8-#10 forming parts 2, 6 and 10 of the story. For powers used by aliens, see List of alien powers. Check out our latest issue and be sure to catch up on past releases in the Back Issues Zone!Sonic Comic Origins and Mega Man X: Free Comic Book Day Edition Comic Books All regular issues are Out of Stock. 00 out of 5) Comic Pulls for week of January 29, 2020 (0. Morgen (Welsh origin) is a name derived from morgens, which are feminine water spirits who drown men. Sep 08, 2020 · Multiple Sonic games are on the way for the speedy hedgehog's 30th anniversary next year. Comic Pulls for week of February 5th, 2020 (0. Anywho, I got round to doing this as a sort of test. Shadow the Hedgehog is an anthropomorphic black and red hedgehog, and a former adversary of Sonic the Hedgehog turned rival. This is a new take on the Sonic the Hedgehog back-story. Amy proved also that she is a competent Freedom Fighter in her own right by defeating the electrical beast Plasma, then allowing Sonic to take the credit, believing the people of Mobius need to look up to Sonic as a source of hope. Sonic Adventure 3 (By It'scrunchtime) Sonic Adventure 3 (Marshalia13 Version) Sonic Adventure 3 (RedTheHedgehog140) Sonic Adventure 3 (ShinobiTreecko8) Sonic Adventure 3: Enerjak Reborn. They often appear in the creation of a comic book including titles, logos, and the text. CBR and/or . She is an anthropomorphic hedgehog and the organizer, archaeologist and overall backbone of Team Sonic, a heroic group devoted to defending the peace of their world. Issue #4 1 hour ago Sell My Comic Books helps you sell comic books you have inherited, bought, or found in your home for the maximum return. 4 Sonic Boom 2 Fanon 3 Fandom 4 Trivia 5 Gallery 5. SonAmy Thote short comic (on smartphone) by AmyRoseDiamonds on DeviantArt. Earn 125 points on every ticket you buy. American Fork, UT 84003. Classic and Unofficial fan games can be found at PlayBombermanOnline. Discover stories you'll love, only on Tapas! Feb 13, 2020 · Find Out Which "Sonic The Hedgehog" Character You Are Along With James Marsden And Ben Schwartz "I wanna make a super Sonic quiz out of you!" by Ehis Osifo, Christian Zamora, brendendahle Something is Killing The Children #1 (Local Comic Shop Day Foil Edition) Watch. Wyn and his wife Rose Wyn. 99. All the latest comics from DC Comics, Marvel Comics, Image, and more. A note from Vincent Connare, Comic Sans' designer. Sign in with Twitter Here at the CoastConFan Blog, I did a post called Ancient Tanis, Forgotten Occasionally But Not Lost – From Rosemary’s Baby to Indiana Jones, on Sept 29, 2014. 1 Summary: 2. The Exo-Force Online Comics was a series of 40 comics depicting Exo-Force’s battle against the Robots. 8 0. All Star Comics 58 $ 790 max 373 found. It’s hard to imagine a time where Sonic the Hedgehog didn’t exist. Art by Nigel Dobbyn. 8 Eggette is Eggman's daughter and the primary antagonist of Hedgehog For Hire. , 09. Storm 1 Character Biography 1. They are part of the echidna family and are mainly found on Lolui Island in Lake Victoria, but there are various communities throughout Uganda. Raised on the hidden island of Themyscira, also known as Paradise Jul 16, 2004 · Thanks so much for the front page, folks! -Use the arrows to change the pieces. Sebelum berpikir terlalu jauh untuk memenangkan permainan, ada baiknya untuk Anda mengerti teknik dasar bermain dengan baik. F Minus August 22, 2021. 812,000 DC Marvel & other comic books for sale. 1 Golden A place for fans of Sonic the Hedgehog to view, download, share, and discuss their favorite images, icons, photos and wallpapers. Please fill in this section. Rack up 500 points and you'll score a reward for more movies. fm/adchoices Wed, 29 Jul 2020 13:26:59 -0000 full 2 53 ComicBook. Now, you must assist Sonic and build an army to reclaim the world as you fight against chaos and destruction. 1 TV Show 1. 2 Knuckles Genocide 1. Improv comedians T. I say ostensibly, because despite some stylistic similarities to pulp film, this comic is doing Jul 21, 2017 · Or sign in with one of these services. Humble Bundle and eleven content creators join JDRF in their mission to combat this chronic illness by bringing you a bountiful bundle of game assets including tilesets, characters, animated effects, sound effects, and music! 53 items 2 Value 5,664 Sold. Read the new comic, "A Day in the After Life," now as well as the first prequel comic. The Pandemic Preparedness Team (PPT) has recommended the suspension of spirometry and saliva (oral fluid) drug testing services in our VIC clinics until further notice. Games’ Playdemic Mobile Games Studio for . I’m surprised May 04, 2018 · Sonic The Hedgehog made his video-gaming debut in the summer of 1991 out of necessity. Before the DC Verse was created, in the void outside all creations that is the Primal Monitor, Yahweh created two brothers infused with literal unlimited might, Michael Demiurgos and Samael, later called Play over 150 completely FREE Sonic the Hedgehog and Super Mario Brothers online arcade games, also including free multimedia and downloads - visit the Sonic and Mario Flash and Java Games Site (or try its two "sister" sites: Sonic and Mario Online Games and Mario and Sonic Online Games ) The Sonic Boom comics were featured alongside Archie's Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Universe and Mega Man comics, as well as various other Sega and Capcom video game series as part of the 2015 Sonic/Mega Man crossover "Worlds Unite", with issues #8-#10 forming parts 2, 6 and 10 of the story. 1 On Land or by Sea 2. Believing Black Bolt was a mutant, the mutant criminal Magneto kidnapped the royal family to force the Inhumans into his war with humanity. 5 quintillion miles per second, which is a lot of miles per second. May 21, 2019 · An Origin Story There have been many, many characters in the Sonic the Hedgehog universe. 2 Post-Super Genesis Wave 1. Find comics like Spikes, STEPBYSTEP Zine, Haku Bhutmari (The Black Kite) Issue # 1, Prune, Space School - Comic on itch. Mario bros Arcade Adventures Crash Standard Sonic controls, using Arrow keys and Z. 00 out of 5) Comic Pulls for week of January 8, 2020 (0. Try Humble Monthly. Stay Sonic by Mike Pattenden developed the "Kintobor origin", first introduced in the Sonic the Hedgehog promotional comic book, in much greater detail. Install Game. Aug 26, 2021 · A global pop culture powerhouse. Second of all, most establish romances will remain the same, most of them. If you already have v2. 1 A Brand New World 2. 007 Quantum Of Solace ;007 Blood Stone ;007 Legends ;50 Cent: Blood on the Sand ;2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa ;2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil: Dublado PT-BR ;[ A Body swaps, first popularized in the personal identity chapter of John Locke 's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, have been a common storytelling device in fiction media. exe to start Sonic 2 HD. 2 Fighting for Earth 2. 2 Villain Tracking 1. Archie Annual #11 1959-Jughead-Betty & Veronica-Giant Comic Book G- ,999 . You fanfiction. The following step-by-step guide for outlining comic books comes from award-winning author Neil Gaiman’s MasterClass. Sonic Comic Origins and Mega Man X, Free Comic Book Day Edition #1 (June/July 2014) Archie, 2014 Series 1. 17 Utopia 1. exe is almost identical to the established Sonic the Hedgehog character, a stylised, bipedal hedgehog with famously spiked blue hair and a wry smile. 5. Eggman, Sonic and friends create a resistance to fight back his evil forces. EXE is a hack of the original sonic game with new redesigned levels and evil sonic theme. It ran for 55 issues before being put on indefinite hiatus in 2015. Produced by TMS Entertainment under partnership with Sega and Sonic Team, and directed by Hajime Kamegaki, Sonic X initially ran for 52 episodes, broadcasting on TV Tokyo from April 6, 2003 to March 28, 2004. Batman The Dark Knight Returns Tpb $ 82 max 86 found. 6, and the app does not update, you will need to uninstall it before installing this update. The story for Sonic. = Key or Theme Icon - Switch to the next Theme. 3 Sonic X 1. 21. Comic Book THE FLASH 2021 ANNUAL #1 The lightning-fast and action-packed “Surge” story line races to its conclusion as Wally West returns to the present day with a new perspective on the past and a reinvigorated desire to take back the mantle of the Flash. Sonic Forces releases today, and with it we have the fourth Sonic Forces web comic with art by Adam Bryce Thomas and writing by Ian Flynn. He starts as the main protagonist of the first game, but eventually becomes the secondary antagonist of Sonic Fear The Tails Doll, Sonic Fear 2: Metal Sonic Out of Control and Sonic Fear 3: The Apocalypse. In SONIC FORCES, the evil Dr. Mickey Mouse & Friends. L. Sonic the Hedgehog 3 and Sonic & Knuckles have received rereleases over the years, and the original Sonic 3 & Knuckles can even be found on Steam . Sonic Games. HL2 +16 ↺5 Half-Life 2; SSBC +14 ↺3 Super Smash Bros. The original artwork from one of the most well-known Fleetway Sonic the Comic strips has sold at auction for a bucket-load of rings! The artwork, created by Sonic the Comic and 2000 AD artist Richard Elson, recognisable as they were used in many other publications Apr 14, 2021 · Sonic Free Comic Book Day 2014 Issue: The cover says that all will be revealed in Sonic Comic Origins. Zenescope Comics (2016) (26 items) list by SA-512. The Ugandan Knuckles are an indigenous Tribe in Uganda. Hyper Sonic in Sonic 2. 4 Live Television 6. #17. Jun 24, 2021 · Those reveals included Sonic Origins, Sonic Colors: Ultimate, and finally, a new Sonic the Hedgehog game in the works. The latest toy news brings us Star Trek icons, cute dinosaurs, and, finally, a figure of The Simpsons ' Inanimate Carbon Rod Using the three-to-one rule, that would mean roughly 16 years have passed, making him currently 33 years old. The first level, set The Sonic Boom comics were featured alongside Archie's Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Universe and Mega Man comics, as well as various other Sega and Capcom video game series as part of the 2015 Sonic/Mega Man crossover "Worlds Unite", with issues #8-#10 forming parts 2, 6 and 10 of the story. Batman's origin is first presented in Detective Comics #33 (Nov. Sign in with Twitter His two penalties comics in one! Hot five successful case of ultra-sonic / Mega Man crossover, "Worlds Collide", comes the problem showcase the hottest new storylines in the universes of both characters - only for Free Comic Book Day! Somic star in "Blast to the past" and the origin of their freedom fighters! Sonichu 0. Teknik Dasar Memainkan Agen Casino Online. The series is notable for the artistic liberties taken with various characters. Sonic Comic Origins Started by zackepic22, 11 Mar 2015. Bounding Into Comics is one of the premiere websites for nerd culture focusing primarily on comic books, comic book movies, and comic The sonic screwdriver, also called a sonic probe or simply "the sonic", was a highly versatile tool used by many people throughout the universe, the most prominent of them being the Doctor. This backs up a listing Sonic Underground: With Maurice LaMarche, Garry Chalk, Gail Webster, Peter Wilds. Sonic's rival in the gaming industry used to be Mario, but now they are seen as friendly competitors ever since Sega became third party and started releasing Sonic games for Nintendo systems. Indie Spotlight Series 121; Cover Fire 8/11/2021; New Comics Releasing August 11th, 2021; COPPER AGE Marvel Comics 1985 Top 10 key issues by Terry Hoknes; WALMART 3 PACKS : Easy money with Rare 1:50 1:500 1 Over the past few days, the Archie Comics Twitter account has been revealing pieces of a cover for an upcoming issue of Sonic the Hedgehog which features the 25th anniversary logo and classic Sonic doing his iconic Sonic the Hedgehog ending pose. 0 ou LTU )))- >>> Com Encarte colorido impresso Jogos que possuem 2 DVDs contam como 2 unidades e assim por diante. Best of Archie: 80 Years 80 Stories! Pre-order now! Exo-Force Wiki is an online encyclopedia about a former LEGO toy line, Exo-force! More than 199,100 comic book and graphic novel sales figures online! Welcome to Comichron, a resource for comic book circulation and other data gathered by John Jackson Miller and other comics history archaeologists. Description: Play through Sonic 1 as the mysterious Dark Sonic. Eggman and all other enemies, the world seemed peaceful but what happens when old enemies decide to come back? There's a new generation of Sonic Heroes coming up but the kids are unaware of what is to come. In Sonic Unleashed you will spend a significant portion of the Fleetway Super Sonic Is Jonathan's Super Form When Stressed Or Frightened 1 Basic Information 2 Background Story 3 Abilities 4 Forms 5 Personality 6 Team Fleetway 7 Fleetway Vs. Discount based on menu price. 9 Gathering of Five 1. I say ostensibly, because despite some stylistic similarities to pulp film, this comic is doing Jan 01, 2021 · Second only to Sega. No one knows this secret, not even Tails, Sonic's adoptive brother. Comic Shop News #25. 1 Official solicitation 2 Featured stories 2. After the release of the first 8-bit game for consoles in 1991, Sonic quickly became popular all over the world. The "hand-drawn premiere issue" is a special zero issue. New 2019 Sonic The Hedgehog Sonic Plush Yellow Toys 45 cm. He was created by Dr. With Humble Monthly, you'll save big and still get an awesome game bundle sent to your door. On top of the 3,000+ gaming events scheduled throughout the week, we also offer a wide variety of other activities, such as True Dungeon experiences, a robust Film Festival, a full schedule of Anime Programming, and even Comedy and Music Shows! Aug 12, 2021 · Image is a comics and graphic novels publisher formed in 1992 by 7 of the comics industry's best-selling artists, and is the 3rd largest comics publisher in the United States. Sonic has also been featured in many comics and cartoons as well. April 27, 2017 ·. Sonic The Hedgehog Cute Sonic Plush Toys 30 cm. Over 40 Sonic the Hedgehog fonts used in the games' logos, menus, title cards, cutscenes, HUD, and other texts. How to use comic in a sentence. May 29, 2018 Comic fonts are funny fonts usually related to a comic book or children. The Sonic the Comic continuity originates with a short "official" storyline created by Sega of America for the original 16-bit game, which was then expanded upon by the book, Stay Sonic. Learn More. 5 Schism 1. Tagged as Adventure Games, Arcade Games, Classic Games, Fighting Games, GBA Games, Retro Games, Sonic Games, and Sonic The Hedgehog Games. Fleetway Super Amy 14 Appearance In Ancient Ways Jul 21, 2017 · Or sign in with one of these services. Whether I was escaping an alien mega-base to Haddaway's "What Is Love," listening to alien overlord, Zinyak recite his favorite lines of Pride And Prejudice, or customizing my voice to be a chipmunk Paula Deen, Saints Row IV never lets up. com. 27 reais con 49 centavos R$ 27. One of the most beloved and iconic DC Super Heroes of all time, Wonder Woman has stood for nearly eighty years as a symbol of truth, justice and equality to people everywhere. On the outside Ordinary Sonic seems like a regular classic Sonic game, but quickly you will find out that Sonic. SONIC® Crave Cheeseburgers. (hint: my house also might be haunted. 0047, photo by D. Play preschool learning games and watch episodes and videos that feature Nick Jr. Includes Soft Drinks, Iced Teas, Lemonades and Limeades, Ocean Water® and Slushes. 1. Celeste The Hedgehog 13 Jonathan And Undertaker Vs. I am a woman, a mutant, a thief, an X-Men, a lover, a wife, a queen. The War Doctor's sonic screwriver in action in The Day of the Doctor. Powered by WordPress Dark Sonic. 4 Challenges of Maniac Mania: 3. com/user/SonicAmyMcDoI DO NOT OWN ARCHIE COMICS A May 27, 2021 · Sonic Origins Announced By Marc Deschamps - May 27, 2021 12:09 pm EDT During today's Sonic the Hedgehog anniversary stream, Sega announced Sonic Origins, a new compilation featuring some of the Sonic the Comic was a British children's comic published by Fleetway Editions between 1993 and 2002. Only appearance of Metal Sonichu. She has spent most of her life living alone and flourishing in the wilderness and is as such new to friends in general. Vice President, Heritage Auctions. Comic Shop News #21. Time will never take it's tole on you, you'll be a young child forever. All links hold the same download file. Fast loading speed, unique reading type: All pages, A to Z comics . Sonic fansite Tails' Channel spotted the news in a Sonic series advertisement placed in the summer issue X-Men (1963) #101 CGC Graded 9. Sonic's first comic appearance was in a promotional comic printed in Disney Adventures magazine (and also given away as a free pull-out with a copy of Mean Machines magazine), which established a backstory for the character involving the origin of his color and abilities and the transformation of kindly scientist Dr. SONIC. Something Is Killing Children TP Vol 03 £10. Release date and platforms for Sonic Origins were Super Sonic (nicknamed Iblis, also known as Fleetway Super Sonic, or Evil Super Sonic), otherwise known as "The Iblis", is a major antagonist in Sonic the Comic and is notable for being one of the few examples of a traditionally heroic character being depicted as not only aggressive but outright evil, so far this is the only media in which Super Sonic is a true villain. 4 Metal Virus 2 Personality 3 Appearance 4 Abilities 5 Relationships 5. Eggman has taken over and it's up to Sonic and his friends to save the city and the Olympic Games! Erotic comics For most artists, "erotic" means the depiction of what arouses their desire - which is usually a beautiful young woman or man, with little or no clothes on. It's Sonic's 30th birthday, and the blue bur is celebrating by popping up just about everywhere. 1 Equipment 4 Appearances, Images, and Quotes Edit 5 ReferencesEdit Diehard is a comic book superhero from the Image Comics series Youngblood. com) cannot be held responsible for what its users post, or any other actions of its users. 5 Separate Entity 1. The administrator of this site (read-comic. ". I’m surprised Sonic Wacky Pack. This article is a stub. In 2005, VIZ LLC and ShoPro Entertainment merged to form the current VIZ Media LLC, which is owned by Japanese publishing conglomerates Shueisha and Shogakukan, as well as Japanese production company Shogakukan-Shueisha Lady Shiva (real name Sandra Woosan, Sandra San or more recently Sandra Wu-San) is a fictional character appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Oxford Comics. 1 Voice Clips Amy is virtually identical to her main series counterpart, except that she appears Oct 10, 2016 · Funny Fun Boyfriend Dating Love Romance Lol Fate Roleplay Oc Cute Kawaii. First and foremost, there will be no Eggman. He just wasn't there or studying him. Jul 21, 2017 · Or sign in with one of these services. In issue #126 of Archie Comics' discontinued series, Sonic the Hedgehog splits into two when he absorbs the red Chaos Emeralds on planet Thoraxia. 1 Concept 2 Appearance 3 Personality 4 Quotes 5 Powers Jul 30, 2021 · Earlier this summer, the Sonic the Hedgehog franchise turned 30 years old. I'm saying Sonic Generations takes place in Sonic 1 which is where he stood 15. 1 Comics 10. New with minor shelf wear. BEGIN:VCALENDAR VERSION:2. )This is the Sonic Origin. 3 British Empire 1. Comics Price Guide was the first online price guide for comic books back in 1995. Add to library 8 Discussion 18. GMod +1 Garry's Mod. In 2018 Inspire Brands acquired Sonic. 00 out of 5) Marvel Studios’ Black Widow | Big Game Spot (0. 7 Movies 6. 14 The Dark Avengers 1. Queen Aleena's royal journals are rumored to be buried under a palace in the city of Tashistan. Linux Installation Sonic Robo Blast 2 – v2. Immortal Hulk (2018) Issue #49. Game designer Hirokazu Yasuhara and character In SONIC FORCES, the evil Dr. View the most popular comics on GoComics

Shadow Meets Boom Sonic! (VR Chat)

Sonic Boom - Maria Robotnik the Hedgehog

My final concept and design if Maria were to appear on Sonic Boom. This was inspiration from my latest poll. People want Maria on Sonic Boom so
why not make a reference sheet. And I made a "brief" history about her. Sorry for it being too wordy^^

Marianella “Maria” Robotnik the Hedgehog


Unknown but appears 12


Maria awoke in Eggman's lair with an extreme case of amnesia, barely knowing her name. Without telling too much about her past, he tells her that she's his cousin., even though it strike her odd that a hedgehog is a relative of a human. While staying in Eggman's lair, Maria felt like a prisoner and sort of servant while their and just wanted to break free from Eggman's lair. That's where she met up Sonic and the gang and they became friends and go on adventures with Team Sonic. She also meets Shadow, who she has no memory of him but she strikes something familiar with Shadow. After a series of events, Maria regains her memories: she was once a human with a disease called NiDs, which she couldn't live on Earth. So, she lived on a shuttle called Ark with Shadow and her grandfather, Gerald Robotnik. After an organization, GUN, wanted to shutdown ARK and anything doing with Project Shadow, Maria was shot with a gunshot wound while sending Shadow down to Mobius, as the Ultimate Lifeform persumed his lifelong friend dead but far from it. Maria was still very much alive but clinging. Whatever few scientists were still left, they carried Maria to a sealed area of Ark and, fusing DNA with that of Shadow's, Maria entered cryogenic sleep for years until being discovered by Eggman later on. With this new DNA, Maria can't age/die but she does get hurt and get sick. Now, Maria resides on Bygone Island with Sonic Team, with small interjections with Eggman constantly, but she's happy with her life, especially with recovered memories and Shadow.


Cooking, Sketching, Hacking (she has devious side), video and online games (her guitly pleasure), swimming

Favorite Food:



Maria's personality is combined with two other anime characters: Ami/Sailor Mercury(Sailor Moon) for her soft spoken, sweet attitude and being very knowledgeable and Cinnamon (MegaMan X: Command Commission) polite, very curious, and naive. Like Eggman, Maria has an IQ of 300, but unlike Eggman, she creates machines and tinkers with that could work and benefit the team, basically Tails' second hand. For being shut in because of cryo-sleep and Eggman's “shelter”, Maria is very naïve and not really street savvy. Like Amy, she's like to research but more in magic history and Asian cultuer department. Maria is far from perfect. She constantly withdrawn, because of being Robotnik and afraid of resentment from others, very shy, and second guesses herself. And she has two phobias: lightning and guns. But as she hangs out with Sonic and the others, she slowly breaks out of that shell and becomes a little outgoing and has a strong sense of justice and freedom in her as well. Not to mention, Maria tends to have snarky and witty attitude and comeback when it's needed




Hacking and Tinkering with computers and machinery



Going on adventures with Team Sonic

Video and online gaming

Her friends (whom she considers her new family)






Blonde stereotype jokes and comments (Maria hates blonde jokes and stereotypes because she thinks it's insulting and degrading. She will get mad but instead of attacking them, she will prove them wrong with advance mathematics and science. And will get a complete joy from their shocked expressions)


Since she was reborn with Shadow's DNA, Maria has Shadow's chaos powers but it's not devastating like as the Ultimate life form. Whereas Shadow's power can destroy everything and anything, Maria's power can stun greatly so those around her can finish the job. Another thing, Maria isn't really much of a fighter. She dislikes it fighting all together but if the chips are down and she's in a corner Maria's persona will change from shy to determined. She will, in a situation, say this quote:

“I don't like fighting but if I have to I will and I won't hold back!”

One of Maria's noticeable attacks is, which she named herself, called Heaven's Rain. With this attack, Maria shoots a weak chaos arrow in the sky but thousands will rain down from sky, hitting her enemies but avoiding her friends.

Other traits is that Maria isn't the speediest but she has rollerblades to help her give her boost and the blonde hedgehog is acrobatic but not as well as Amy.


Maria sees Sonic, Knuckles, and Tails as brotherly types and Sticks and Amy as sister types. Even though she has the last name, Robotnik, Maria doesn't consider Eggman her family because his schemes to take over the world and attempts to harm her friends. When meeting Shadow for the first time, Maria saw Shadow as a stranger and kept her distance from him for a good while. But leading up to her memories coming back, Maria and Shadow got closer and eventually a couple, even though Shadow hides it to escape constant teasing from Sonic and Knuckles.


Because Maria likes study Asian culture, including the language, she will spew out small Japanese terms that might catch the others, except Tails and Amy,off-guard. Some examples are:

older brother=onii chan

younger sister= imouto 
younger brother=otouto 

oneesan = older sister
oishii = delicious

Maria Robotnik/ Sonic Boom Logo (c) SEGA
Art and Concept (c) :icontechnofaerie:

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© 2015 - 2021 technofaerie


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List of Sonic the Hedgehog characters

Wikipedia list article

A variety of Soniccharacters gathered. Clockwise from top: Doctor Eggman, Rouge the Bat, Shadow the Hedgehog, Knuckles the Echidna, Sonic the Hedgehog, Amy Rose, Miles "Tails" Prower, Cream the Rabbit, a Chao, and Blaze the Cat. Art by Yuji Uekawa.

The Sonic the Hedgehogvideo game franchise began in 1991 with the game Sonic the Hedgehog for the Sega Genesis, which pitted a blue anthropomorphic hedgehog named Sonic against a rotund male human villain named Doctor Eggman (or Doctor Ivo Robotnik). The sequel, Sonic 2, gave Sonic a fox friend named Tails. Sonic CD introduced Amy Rose, a female hedgehog with a persistent crush on Sonic. Sonic 3 introduced Knuckles the Echidna, Sonic's rival and, later, friend. All five of these have remained major characters and appeared in dozens of games.

The series has introduced dozens of additional recurring characters over the years. These have ranged from anthropomorphic animal characters like Shadow the Hedgehog and Cream the Rabbit to robots created by Eggman like Metal Sonic and E-123 Omega, as well as human characters like Eggman's grandfather Gerald Robotnik. The series features two fictional species: Chao, which have usually functioned as digital pets and minor gameplay and plot elements, Wisps, which have been used as power-ups.

The Sonic games keep a separate continuity from the Sonic the Hedgehog comics published by Archie Comics and other Sonic media and, as a result, feature a distinct yet overlapping array of many characters.


Sonic the Hedgehog

Main article: Sonic the Hedgehog (character)

Sonic the Hedgehog,[a] trademarked Sonic The Hedgehog,[1] is a blue anthropomorphic hedgehog and the main protagonist of the series. Developed as a replacement for their existing Alex Kidd mascot, as well as Sega's response to Mario, his first appearance was in the arcade game Rad Mobile as a cameo, before making his official debut in Sonic the Hedgehog (1991). Sonic's greatest ability is his running speed, and he is known as the world's fastest hedgehog.[2] Using the power of the seven Chaos Emeralds, he becomes Super Sonic and can achieve even greater speeds.

Doctor Eggman

Main article: Doctor Eggman

Doctor Ivo Robotnik,[b][3] better known by his alias Doctor Eggman,[c][4] is a human mad scientist and the main antagonist of the series. Debuting in the first game of the series, Sonic the Hedgehog, he was shown attempting to collect the Chaos Emeralds and turn all of the animals inhabiting the land into robots. He is a self-proclaimed or certifiable genius with an IQ of 300.[5][6][7] His fondness for mechas has made him a renowned authority on robotics. Ultimately, Eggman's goal is to conquer the world and create his ultimate utopia, Eggmanland, alternatively known as the Eggman Empire and Robotnikland.[8]

When Sega had petitioned its research and development department to create a character who would replace Alex Kidd as its company mascot, a caricature of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was among the proposed designs. It lost to Sonic the Hedgehog, but the design was kept for the basis for Dr. Eggman instead.[9][10]

Miles "Tails" Prower

Main article: Tails (Sonic the Hedgehog)

Miles Prower,[d] better known by his nickname Tails,[e] is a two-tailed fox who is Sonic's best friend and sidekick. His name is a pun on "miles per hour". He is able to use his two tails to propel himself into the air like a helicopter for a limited time. Yasushi Yamaguchi, originally the main artist and zone designer for Sega's Sonic Team, designed Tails for an internal competition for a sidekick to Sonic. His first appearance was in Sonic 2 for the Game Gear, where he was kidnapped by Doctor Robotnik for a "hefty" ransom, and was first made playable in the Genesis version of Sonic the Hedgehog 2.[11] Tails has appeared in almost every Sonic game since his first appearance. Tails starred in two solo spinoff games for the Sega Game Gear in 1995 - Tails' Skypatrol, and Tails Adventure.[12] Frequently portrayed as a sweet-natured[13] and humble fox,[14] Tails used to be picked on because of his twin tails, before he met Sonic.[15] Tails has a very high IQ and excellent mechanical ability.

Amy Rose

Amy Rose[f] is a pink hedgehog and Sonic's self-proclaimed girlfriend.[16] Amy was created by Kazuyuki Hoshino for Sonic the Hedgehog CD (1993),[17] although she appeared Kenji Terada's Sonic the Hedgehog manga a year before.[18] Hoshino created her in-game graphics, with many staff members contributing ideas to her design. Her headband and trainer shoes reflected Sonic CD director Naoto Ohshima's tastes, and her mannerisms reflected the traits Hoshino looked for in women at the time.[17] Her fur color was red at first, and her skirt orange.[19] The character had two other names in game previews: Rosy the Rascal[20] and Princess Sally (a character in the Sonic the Hedgehog TV series and comics).[19][21] Amy received her present design, with a red dress and boots, in Sonic Adventure (1998),[22] courtesy of designer Yuji Uekawa.[23]

In the games, Amy is depicted as driven and competitive. She spends much of her time following Sonic to get his attention or make sure he is safe while demonstrating her affection.[16] Series co-creator Yuji Naka said that Amy was designed "to always chase Sonic", and has made it her life goal to one day marry him.[24] Not possessing the speed or strength of the other characters, Amy uses a hammer to defend herself instead.[16][25] In Sonic CD, Metal Sonic kidnaps Amy and Sonic must rescue her. When he does, Amy kisses him.[21] Amy's first appearance in a Sonic platformer as a playable character was in Sonic Adventure;[22][26] she is playable in Sonic Heroes (2003)[27] and Sonic the Hedgehog (2006),[28] and appears as a non-player character in games such as Sonic Unleashed (2008).[29]

While some journalists have called Amy cute and powerful,[22][30] others find her annoying.[31][32][33][34] Justin Towell of GamesRadar+ and writers from Mean Machines expressed general displeasure at her introduction in Sonic CD.[34][35] Additionally, some have criticized developers' treatment of Amy as a female character and analyzed her implications on gender representation in video games. The Electronic Gaming Monthly staff found her pink coloring and tendency to run from danger to be stereotypical and common in Japanese-created female characters,[36] while feminist blogger Anita Sarkeesian cites Amy as an example of the "Ms. Male Character" trope, in which female characters in games with male protagonists often resemble those protagonists, but with stereotypically feminine features added.[37] Despite this, Amy is one of the series' most popular characters, coming in fifth place in a Japanese popularity poll in 2006.[38] Her likeness has been used in Sonic merchandise,[39] and she appears in the television adaptations Sonic X (2003–2006) and Sonic Boom (2014–2017).[31][40]

Metal Sonic

Metal Sonic[g] is an evil robotic version of Sonic created by Dr. Robotnik. He first appears in Sonic the Hedgehog CD. He is given orders to go back in time and change the past so that Dr. Eggman can rule the future. Sonic must race him in Stardust Speedway to free Amy Rose. He is severely wounded when he crashes and falls, but is rejuvenated by Robotnik in Sonic the Hedgehog 4: Episode II, only to be defeated again in a similar style. He returns in Knuckles' Chaotix, where he attempts to obtain the Chaos Rings, but he is stopped by the Chaotix. Metal Sonic notably acted as the main antagonist in Sonic Heroes, appearing in a new form as Neo Metal Sonic before transforming into the game's final boss, the Metal Overlord. Upon being defeated by Super Sonic, Tails, and Knuckles, he reverts to his traditional appearance. He appears as the main antagonist in the Sonic the Hedgehog (OVA), where Eggman records Sonic's abilities and uploads them to Metal Sonic, who proceeds in attempting to destroy the world before being tossed into lava by Sonic. Metal Sonic appears as a bonus playable character in Sonic Rivals, reprogrammed to aid Eggman Nega in his attempt to take over the world. He returns as a playable character in Sonic Rivals 2, under orders from Eggman to aid Shadow in stopping Eggman Nega's plans. In Sonic Free Riders, Metal Sonic is a playable character and the final opponent in the game's story mode. In Sonic Generations, he appears in his classic form as a rival boss, battling Classic Sonic in Stardust Speedway before ultimately being destroyed. Metal Sonic returns as a boss character in Sonic Boom: Rise of Lyric and Sonic Boom: Shattered Crystal. He appears in the Sonic Boom episode, "It Wasn't Me, It Was the One-Armed Hedgehog". Metal Sonic appears as a boss in the Sonic story mode of Lego Dimensions.

Metal Sonic appeared as a playable character in the multiplayer mode of Sonic Adventure 2: Battle, as well as Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing, Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed, and all the Mario & Sonic titles beginning with Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games. Collecting all the emblems in Sonic Adventure DX: Director's Cut unlocks Metal Sonic as a bonus playable character in Sonic's stages, and purchasing both episodes of Sonic the Hedgehog 4 unlocks bonus levels in which Metal Sonic is playable.

He possesses great strength, including a laser cannon, a jet engine and a force field device he can use to protect himself from projectiles and certain attacks. He usually only communicates with a series of electronic noises. The only notable time Metal Sonic was able to talk was in Sonic Heroes in which he was voiced by Jun'ichi Kanemaru in Japanese and Ryan Drummond in English.

GameDaily placed Metal Sonic 13th on their "Top 25 Video Game Robots" list, describing him as Dr. Robotnik's "greatest creation" and praising the strength of his abilities.[41]

Knuckles the Echidna

Main article: Knuckles the Echidna

Knuckles the Echidna[h] is a red echidna and Sonic's friendly rival. First introduced in the Genesis game Sonic the Hedgehog 3, Knuckles lives on Angel Island, which hovers in the sky due to the power of the Master Emerald. As the last surviving member of the Echidna people who once inhabited the island, his duty is to guard the Master Emerald.

During conception of Sonic the Hedgehog 3, the development team wanted to create a new rival for Sonic. The final design of Knuckles was the result of dozens of possible designs inspired by numerous different animals.[42] A character with many different abilities and skills, he is physically one of the strongest characters of the Sonic series.[43] His strength and mastery of martial arts, specialising in punches, enables him to perform feats such as shattering boulders with his fists, while he can trap air underneath his dreadlocks in order to glide for short distances.

Fang the Sniper

Fang the Sniper,[i][44] initially known as Nack the Weasel[45] in English localizations, is a purple wolf/weasel hybrid[46] (a wolf/jerboa hybrid in Japan[47][48]) that first appeared in the Game Gear video game Sonic the Hedgehog: Triple Trouble in 1994. His character is a treasure hunter in search of the Chaos Emeralds; however he does not know of their true power and merely wants to sell them for profit.[45] He is a slick,[46] sneaky, and mischievous[44] character who will steal the Emeralds for an easier job.[45] Fang tries hard to outwit others, but is held back by his naivety and often fails.[44]

Outside of Triple Trouble, Fang had playable roles in Sonic Drift 2 and Sonic the Fighters in 1995 and 1996, and had been planned to be in the cancelled Sonic Xtreme. He has not had any significant roles since, though he made a cameo appearance on an in-game poster in 2011's Sonic Generations, and as an illusion during the boss fight with Heavy Magician in Sonic Mania in 2017.


The Chaotix are a group of four characters who debuted in the game Knuckles' Chaotix as the main characters, later forming their own detective agency in Sonic Heroes. IGN described the characters as "charming" and noted that they were introduced before fans became weary of all the new characters in the series.[49]

Charmy Bee

Charmy Bee[j] is a bee who is the "scatter-brained funny-kid" of the Chaotix.[50] He is cheerful, curious, playful, careless, and greatly energetic, often talking about things no one else cares about.[51] Charmy's fooling around makes the rest of the detective agency staff look professional, and he is generally seen as a "cute mascot".[50] Despite an innocent,[51] good-natured and light-hearted personality, he uses his stinging tail on rare occasions that he gets angry.[50][51] In addition to being a playable character in Sonic Heroes and Shadow the Hedgehog, he made cameos in all the Mario and Sonic at the Olympic Games installments as a referee.

Espio the Chameleon

Espio the Chameleon[k] is a chameleon who is a ninjawarrior. He is described as the "opinionated number one" of the Chaotix, also being the calmest.[52] He has a "militaristic discipline" while being quiet and laid back.[53] Confident in his skills,[52] opinionated and self-obsessed,[53] he revels in training and self-discipline.[52] He is not concerned by danger, and often yearns to face it in order to use his ninja skills.[52] With his extensive training in ninjutsu and an ability to turn himself invisible, he is able to move around unnoticed.[53] However, a blunder like a sneeze could cause him to inadvertently become visible.[52]

Espio's debut was in the video game Knuckles' Chaotix. In the game, his color subtly changes while he moves to demonstrate the technical capabilities of the Sega 32X console.[54] Espio was incorporated into Sonic Heroes as part of a move to reintroduce neglected characters, and because the development team considered him to have a unique, interesting personality.[55] He was the designated "speed" character in Sonic Heroes while teammates Vector the Crocodile and Charmy Bee respectively represented "power" and "flight".[56] Espio was added to Shadow the Hedgehog and Sonic Rivals 2 to help "round out our cast of characters", and because designer Takashi Iizuka appreciated the character's "stealthy agility".[57] Espio appeared as a playable character in the arcade fighting game Sonic the Fighters, and has also appeared in all installments of Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games as the referee in various events.

Mighty the Armadillo

Mighty the Armadillo[l] is a black and red armadillo who debuted in the arcade game SegaSonic the Hedgehog, and later appeared in the 32X game Knuckles' Chaotix. The character is described as a traveler who loves nature and desires to see every place.[58] Mighty hates to see weaknesses in others[59] and detests violence.[58] He prefers to be gentle but undergoes a drastic change and is capable when needed.[58] Mighty's only appearance as part of the Chaotix was in Knuckles Chaotix, and was absent when the rest of the group was reintroduced into the series with Sonic Heroes in 2003. His long period of absence was alluded to in Sonic Generations, in which he is shown on a missing persons poster alongside fellow SegaSonic character Ray the Flying Squirrel. Both Mighty and Ray appeared as playable characters in the Sonic Mania expansion Sonic Mania Plus, as well as appearing in the accompanying web series Sonic Mania Adventures.

Vector the Crocodile

Vector the Crocodile[m] is a crocodile who is the "head honcho" and brains of the Chaotix Detective Agency.[50] Divided between being "bossy" and "easy-going", his rough speech and outward appearance mask his clear reasoning and ability to resolve cases.[60] For the right price he will take on most jobs, unless they involve doing something immoral.[50] Vector has a strong sense of justice and kindness, despite his argumentativeness.[60] He often does unpaid work due to his charitable nature,[50] leaving the agency constantly short on money.[60] Vector hates having to work for the landlord, but he enjoys singing,[60] and his trademark is a set of headphones.[50] He is physically very strong[60] and his powerful jaws are a formidable weapon.[50]

Vector was originally supposed to be in the sound test of the first Sonic the Hedgehog game, but he, along with the feature itself, was removed prior to release.[61] He was part of Team Chaotix in Sonic Heroes and is featured in Shadow the Hedgehog. In all installments of Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games, he is a playable athlete. He is playable in other spinoff titles such as Sonic Free Riders and Team Sonic Racing.

Big the Cat

Big the Cat[n] is a large purple cat who first appeared in the 1998 Dreamcast game Sonic Adventure, where he was placed to justify the presence of a fishing rod in the game, although he was conceived beforehand.[62] Big is a large, purple anthropomorphic cat, who is depicted as—while unintelligent—sweet, easygoing, and physically strong.[63][64]

In Sonic Adventure, Big's story involves fishing his frog friend, Froggy[o] out of various bodies of water after Froggy swallows a Chaos Emerald and part of the tail of Chaos, the game's antagonist. In Sonic Heroes, Big teams up with Amy Rose and Cream the Rabbit to search for Froggy and a lost Chao creature called Chocola. He is a more minor playable character in other Sonic games like Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood and Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing and a non-player character in titles such as the Nintendo DS version of Sonic Colors. Reflecting the story of Adventure, Big appears in the Sonic X anime and the Sonic the Hedgehog comics.

Big has been derided by the video game press and fanbase for his obesity, low intelligence, one-dimensional development and uselessness within his games; he has appeared on several lists of the worst video game characters of all time and within the Sonic cast.[65][66][67] Due to his poor reception and apparent uselessness, Sonic Team claimed they would be retiring the character from appearing in future games in 2012,[68] although head Takashi Iizuka has since stated that a game starring Big is a possibility.[69] Despite this statement, Big has continued to appear in other titles, including Sonic Runners, Lego Dimensions, and Team Sonic Racing.[70][71]


Not to be confused with Chao (Sonic).

Chaos[p] is a Chao mutated by the Chaos Emeralds that acts as a guardian for its species, protects the Master Emerald, and provides clear water around its altar.[72] It is a water-like being that can easily manipulate its body. Without any Chaos Emeralds, it is known as "Chaos Zero", but with each Emerald it absorbs, it transforms into a more powerful form, eventually becoming "Perfect Chaos" with all 7 Emeralds.

Its first appearance is in Sonic Adventure, where Dr. Eggman attempts to use it to conquer the world. Chaos tracks down the emeralds, becomes "Perfect Chaos", and floods all of Station Square, but is ultimately defeated by Super Sonic. It reappears in Sonic Adventure 2 as a bonus multiplayer character, in Sonic Battle as a playable fighter, and in Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games as an ice version of Perfect Chaos. He reappears in his perfect form in Sonic Generations as a boss where he has a new look with green teeth and dark blue reptilian skin for the upper half of his body.[73] This was supposed to be how he always looked, but the technology of the Dreamcast at the time made this look impossible.[74] Chaos appears as the final boss in the Sonic the Hedgehog pack of Lego Dimensions.

E-100 Series

The E-100 Series is a group of robots created by Doctor Eggman, who uses them in his quest to conquer the world; However some of their members have since gone rogue.[75]

E-100 Alpha

E-100 Alpha,[q] better known as Zero, is the first of the E-100 series and considered the prototype of the line.[76] He was created by Dr. Eggman and ordered to capture the Chaos Emerald from Amy Rose's Flicky friend, Birdie. He first appeared in Sonic Adventure as the main antagonist in Amy's story, where he repeatedly tries to capture Birdie. At the end of Amy's story, she destroys him. In Sonic Advance 2, he appears in special stages, trying to prevent players from getting the seven Chaos Emeralds.

E-102 Gamma

E-102 Gamma[r] also primarily appears in Sonic Adventure. He is a red, bulky robot[77] with a powerful gun built into his arm.[78] Gamma turns against his master after a heartfelt conversation with Amy Rose, who becomes his friend.[79][80] He offers shoot-'em-up gameplay to a largely platforming-focused game.[81] Gamma later appears as a playable character in Sonic Battle. He has garnered mixed comments from critics.[82] While Xbox World generally commended his story,[83] others criticized the slow and repetitive nature of his gameplay.[84][85][86]

E-123 Omega

E-123 Omega[s] first appears in Sonic Heroes, Eggman seals Omega within an abandoned base, along with Shadow, until Rouge the Bat releases Shadow from his stasis pod, accidentally reactivating Omega.[87] Omega expresses a deep hatred for Eggman due to the latter locking him up in stasis for an extended period of time. Omega decides to team up with the other two in order to obtain revenge on Eggman and prove that he is the most powerful robot of all.[88] He returns with the same goal in Shadow the Hedgehog, and teams up with Shadow in certain levels to destroy Eggman's robots. During Sonic the Hedgehog 2006, he is playable after Rouge orders him to support Shadow many years in the future.[89] He is also one of the secret unlockable characters in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood.[90] He also appeared in the DS version of Sonic Colors where he challenges Sonic to perform a mission, and reveals to Sonic the location of Eggman's base in the Asteroid Coaster world. In Sonic Forces, Omega is severely damaged by Infinite, but is repaired by Tails and becomes a member of the Resistance. Omega has appeared in Mario and Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games as a rival in speed skating and intense short track[91] and in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games as a rival in the 100m Sprint. Omega appears as a playable racer in Team Sonic Racing.

Omega has an array of destructive weapons concealed in his arms, including machine guns, flamethrowers, missile launchers, beam cannons and rocket-propelled drills. He can retract his hands in order to attach a spinning Shadow and Rouge in their place, either using the two as melee weapons or firing them.[87] Omega has seen negative reception. Eurogamer staff writer Tom Bramwell called Omega a "lesser" character among the Heroes cast.[92] An Electronic Gaming Monthly preview of Heroes referred to him as an imitation of the T-1000s from the film Terminator 2: Judgment Day.[93] However, Jeremy Dunham from IGN called Omega a "supreme machine".[94]


Omochao[t] () is a robotChao with a propeller on its head. Omochao was introduced in Sonic Adventure as part of the Chao Races, and it later appeared in Sonic Adventure 2, where it serves as an in-game manual to teach players how to play the game. It has filled a similar tutorial role in other games such as Sonic Heroes, Sonic Advance 3, Sonic Generations, and Lego Dimensions. The character has made other sporadic appearances throughout the series, including as a type of gun in Shadow the Hedgehog, a referee in Sonic Riders, a collectible card and referee in Sonic Rivals 2, a referee in Mario and Sonic at the Olympic Games, a supporting character in multiplayer of Sonic and the Secret Rings, and the host of the World Grand Prix in Sonic Free Riders. Its only playable appearance is as one of a group of playable chao in Team Sonic Racing. "Omochao" is a pun on "omocha"[95] and "chao".

Tikal the Echidna

Tikal[u] () is an orange echidna, who is the daughter of Chief Pachacamac[v] from the same tribe that Knuckles the Echidna descends, the Knuckles Tribe.[96] She first appears in Sonic Adventure and returns in Sonic Adventure 2. Thousands of years before the main events of the series, she opposes her father's power-hungry ways of invading other countries.[97] She eventually comes into contact with Chaos and a group of Chao at the shrine of the Master Emerald, who accept her due to her friendliness to them. She tries to reason with him about raiding the shrine for the emeralds, but he, hesitated by what she said to him, briefly snaps at her and orders the Knuckles Clan to attack. When the Clan does as it is told, they ran over Tikal and the Chao, which angers Chaos, as he punishes Pachacamac and the Knuckles Clan for what they did to Tikal and the Chao, by destroying them, absorbing the negative power of the emeralds. After that, Tikal tells the Master Emerald to stop Chaos, as it seals her inside itself.[98] Several thousand years later, Doctor Eggman shatters the Master Emerald and awakens the angry Chaos and Tikal's spirit. Tikal helps the main characters defeat Chaos and then leaves with it.[99] Tikal appears in Sonic Advance and Sonic Advance 2 in a Chao minigame, and makes a cameo appearance on the Angel Island board of Sonic Pinball Party. In both Sonic Rivals and Sonic Rivals 2, she appears on a variety of collectible cards. In Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games and Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games, she appears as an unlockable Mii costume. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, she is a collectable sticker. Tikal appears as a playable character in Sonic Runners.

Shadow the Hedgehog

Main article: Shadow the Hedgehog

Shadow the Hedgehog[w] is an artificially created life form in the design of a black and red malehedgehog, similar to Sonic. His trademark hover skates propel him at extreme speeds that rival those of Sonic.[100]

According to official profiles, Shadow was created 50 years ago by Professor Gerald Robotnik as the "Ultimate Life Form",[101] which is ageless and immortal.[102] Sharp witted and seemingly always on the edge,[7][103] once he has set himself to a goal, he will do whatever it takes to accomplish it,[7] regardless of any danger.[104] After the trauma of the death of his only friend, Maria Robotnik, Shadow strives to fulfill his purpose and keep the promise he made to her.[7][104] Although his relationship with Sonic seems to have developed from antagonistic to friendly rivalry, animosity from not understanding their different mindsets still occurs.[105]

However, Shadow shares a lot of similarities with Sonic.[104][106] He can perform spin attacks common to Sonic,[101] which are a variation on the tendency for hedgehogs to roll into tight balls for protection. Additionally, with the power of a Chaos Emerald, Shadow can warp time and space with Chaos Control.[101][103][104] Shadow is also able to use a variety of other Chaos powers, such as "Chaos Spear" and "Chaos Blast".[104]

Using the power of the seven Chaos Emeralds, Shadow uses his super transformation to transform into Super Shadow[107] and bestows new abilities of flight and near invulnerability, with normal abilities of speed and enhanced Chaos powers.

Professor Gerald Robotnik

Professor Gerald Robotnik[x] is the grandfather of Maria Robotnik and Dr. Ivo "Eggman" Robotnik. Fifty years before the main series, he attempted to create the "Ultimate Life Form" under the funding of the United Federation, hoping that it can help cure Maria's illness. He appears in Sonic Adventure 2 and Shadow the Hedgehog.

Maria Robotnik

Maria Robotnik[y] is a character that appears mostly in flashbacks in Sonic Adventure 2 and Shadow the Hedgehog. She is the granddaughter of Professor Gerald Robotnik, and is the cousin of Dr. Ivo "Eggman" Robotnik. Maria suffers from the illness known as "NIDS" (Neuro-Immuno Deficiency Syndrome), which was incurable at the time. Gerald takes on Project Shadow in order to save her life. Soon after Shadow is created, the two bond deeply, though it is short-lived as the government organization "G.U.N." soon raids the ARK, fatally shooting Maria. Before she dies, she encases Shadow in an escape pod and asks him to bring hope to humanity and give humans a chance to be happy. This experience with Maria scars Shadow for life, but ultimately his determination to keep his promise to her leads him to team up with Sonic and save the Earth multiple times.

Maria's first, and only, playable appearance is in Shadow the Hedgehog, where she can be controlled as a partner character by a second player during specific in-game missions.

Rouge the Bat

Rouge the Bat[z] is a white, anthropomorphic bat who made her first appearance in Sonic Adventure 2 in 2001, and who has been featured in most games since. She is depicted as a professional treasure hunter devoted to the pursuit of jewels,[108] calling herself the "World's Greatest Treasure Hunter". She has a tendency to ignore abstract morality or manners for potential profit;[109] her "feminine charm" makes her appear careless, but she is actually scheming and manipulative.[108] Additionally, she serves as a part-time spy for the government, and is a competent fighter.[108] She battles using kicks, especially her signature "Screw Kick," and she can fly using her wings.[110]

Cream the Rabbit and Cheese

Cream the Rabbit[aa] is a peach-coloredrabbit with a constant companion named Cheese,[ab] a blue Chao with a red bow-tie. Their names were based on "cream cheese".[111][112] Cream is portrayed as being naive because of being brought up like a princess by her mother, Vanilla.[113] She always politely minds her manners[114] but sometimes acts childishly.[114] Cream can achieve flight for short periods of time by flapping her two large ears,[113] while Cheese often attacks on Cream's behalf by ramming into her adversaries.[115]

Cream first appeared as a playable character in Sonic Advance 2.[116] She returned in Sonic Heroes as part of "Team Rose", working together with Amy Rose and Big the Cat to defeat Metal Sonic,[117] and then again for Sonic Advance 3.[118]

Since her first trio of games, she has been relegated to being an extra playable character in Sonic spinoffs and multiplayer games. She is a playable character in the Sonic and the Secret Rings multiplayer mode, a playable fighter within Sonic Battle, a secret unlockable party member in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood[119] and a playable racer in Sonic Riders, Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity, and Sonic Free Riders.

Cream has received mostly negative opinions from the video game press. Thomas East of Official Nintendo Magazine ranked her as the fifth worst Sonic character, criticizing various aspects of her like her high-pitched voice, repetitious speech in Sonic Heroes, "ridiculous smile", and single eyelash on each eye.[120] Christian Nutt of GameSpy singled her out as one of the negative features of Sonic Advance 2, calling her "corny" and "dopey-looking".[121]GamesRadar writer Jim Sterling ranked her as their second worst, stating that she "represents perhaps everything that's wrong with Sonic the Hedgehog characters", particularly finding her name to be random.[122] Similarly, Tom Bramwell of Eurogamer exclaimed "oh God" at her and Cheese's names.[123] David Houghton of GamesRadar ranked her name as one of the 25 worst among all video game characters, seeing a double entendre in the word "cream".[124] In contrast, Xbox World's review of Heroes stated that "we love Cream" and called her "the best new Sonic character since Tails."[125]

G.U.N. Commander

The G.U.N. Commander[ac] is the leader of the Guardian Units of Nations (G.U.N.), a major military organization in the Sonic universe. His childhood took place aboard the ARK, a massive space station that was first explored in Sonic Adventure 2, although he did not appear in that game. While there, he befriended Maria Robotnik and witnessed the creation of Shadow. His family was killed when G.U.N. attacked the ARK, and he began to harbor a deep resentment towards Shadow as a result of this, though he would later join the organization. He appears throughout Shadow the Hedgehog as an antagonist; he tries to kill Shadow at first, though in one of the game's branching pathways, he realizes that Shadow has no memories of the incident and lets him go. Dialogue from levels in this game indicates that he has at least one child and one grandchild. The Commander also appears in Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood, where he allies with the game's playable characters against the Marauders, an antagonistic nation.

Blaze the Cat

Blaze the Cat[ad] is a purple catprincess from an alternate dimension. She has been appointed as guardian of the Sol Emeralds, her dimension's version of the Chaos Emeralds,[126] making her role similar to that of Knuckles the Echidna.[127] She is portrayed as calm and levelheaded, hiding her true feelings.[128] She is sometimes "bogged down" by her own strict discipline and devotion to her position, making her appear withdrawn.[128] Blaze can control fire,[126] but wears a cape to conceal it as she was teased about her pyrokinetic abilities when she was young.[127] Using the Sol Emeralds, she transforms into Burning Blaze. Blaze wears a purple dress and white tights with pink high heels and a yellow necklace.

Blaze debuted in Sonic Rush as a playable character along with Sonic.[129] She arrives in Sonic's dimension from another dimension along with the Sol Emeralds. While searching for the Emeralds, she befriends Sonic and Cream and helps them stop Dr. Eggman and Eggman Nega before returning to her dimension. She reappears in Sonic the Hedgehog as Silver the Hedgehog's friend during the future of Sonic's dimension. The two attempt to fix their ruined future world by traveling back in time. Blaze ends up sacrificing her life to seal Iblis, the fiery monster that has destroyed their world, inside herself, but is brought back to life at the end of the game when Sonic destroyed Iblis in his own time period. She appeared again as the main character in Sonic Rush Adventure, where Sonic and Tails are transported to her dimension and help her retrieve the "Jeweled Scepter".[130]

Since her first trio of games, she has been relegated to being an extra playable character in Sonic spinoffs and multiplayer games. She is an unlockable multiplayer character in the Sonic and the Secret Rings and Sonic and the Black Knight, a playable racer in Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity, Sonic Free Riders and Team Sonic Racing, and a playable athlete in all five Mario and Sonic at the Olympics games. She appears together with Silver in Sonic Colors DS in several cutscenes and missions.

Blaze has been mostly well-received by critics. IGN remarked upon seeing her at TGS 2005 that she "easily earned her place in the team" amidst unremarkable secondary characters. Her gameplay has been praised as "fast-moving and fun" as opposed to slower characters introduced earlier in the series,[131] but criticized for its resemblance to that of Sonic.[132] Blaze has been called "a nice addition to Sonic's cast" and "one of the more complex, multifaceted characters in the Sonic canon".[132][133]

Eggman Nega

Eggman Nega[ae] is Eggman's descendant from 200 years in the future, first introduced in Sonic Rush as the arch-enemy of Blaze the Cat and later Silver the Hedgehog.[134] He is known to cause trouble not only through time travel, but through inter-dimensional travel as well. Although his outward appearance resembles that of Doctor Eggman, his personality is different.[135] He is heartless and calculating, but maintains polite speech and manners.[135] His exact role in the overall series varies; in the Sonic Rush series, he works alongside the original Eggman as a team.[136]

Babylon Rogues

The Babylon Rogues are a group of avian thieves. They have only appeared collectively in the three racing games Sonic Riders, Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity and Sonic Free Riders. Producer Takashi Yuda considered them best-suited for Sonic series racing games, and noted in a 2006 interview that Sonic characters are usually designed with one specific storyline in mind.[137]

The Rogues have received predominantly negative comments from gaming journalists. Alex Navarro and Joe Dodson of GameSpot separately criticized their clichéd backstory,[138][139] as did Eurogamer's Tom Bramwell.[140]IGN's Jack DeVries specifically called Jet a "jerk" and stated that his voice is annoying, especially in Free Riders.[141]

Jet the Hawk

Jet the Hawk[af] is a green hawk and the leader of the Babylon Rogues,[142] and nicknamed the "Legendary Wind Master"[143] due to his mastery of Extreme Gear.[144] This mastery comes from his forefathers.[142] His skills make him a possible match to Sonic the Hedgehog,[144] whom he considers a rival.[142] Jet is aware of his duties as leader but must sometimes be helped by his team.[142] Filled with extreme pride, the thing he likes most other than treasure is himself.[142] He despises losing and those who are faster or more confident than him and fights using Bashyo Fans.[142]

Wave the Swallow

Wave the Swallow[ag] is a purple swallow who is the team's mechanic, as her father was for the previous generation of the Babylon Rogues.[145] Gifted in this craft,[145] she has a superb mechanical knowledge of Extreme Gear, which surpasses both Miles "Tails" Prower and Dr. Eggman.[146] Because of this knowledge, she is full of confidence.[147] She hates thick-headed or stupid people and notices everything, but her advice tends to be understandable only to her.[147] Although she looks on Jet the Hawk as an "unreliable younger brother" and can be stubborn, she follows his leadership.[147]

Storm the Albatross

Storm the Albatross[ah] is a hulking albatross who is described as the muscle of the Babylon Rogues and Jet the Hawk's "right hand man."[148] The strength of his loyalty to Jet is greater than any other and he hates rivals to the team.[149] When he is angry, he becomes destructive;[149] and the raw power of his physical strength makes up for his lower intelligence[148] and lack of speed.[150] With his quick temper, he may stutter when flustered,[148] and he hates having to wait.[149]

Silver the Hedgehog

Silver the Hedgehog[ai] is a silver-furred hedgehog from 200 years in the future of the main timeline. He first appeared in the 2006 Sonic the Hedgehog. His individual episode revolves around him traveling back in time with Blaze the Cat to find and slay Sonic the Hedgehog, who they believe is the cause of their world being destroyed in the future. Silver's primary ability is telekinesis;[151] he is able to levitate objects and use them as projectiles to either defeat enemies, or interact with his environment.[152] Like Sonic and Shadow, he transforms into his "super form" by using the power of the seven Chaos Emeralds.

Silver's creation was inspired by the game's early development stages, where the development team was making huge levels with multiple paths through them, and decided they wanted to include a new character with unique abilities for an alternate way to play through the levels.[151] The design team developed over fifty different concepts for the character.[151] At one point he was to actually be an orange mink named Venice (named after the city of the same name), but the developers ultimately decided against this, fearing a mink would not blend in with the rest of the characters.[151] They ended up deciding to make another hedgehog instead.[151] Orange was originally decided for his fur, but they soon moved away from that in color, in favor to a white-gray one.[151] While developing the character models and textures, they focused on using the hardware to develop the textures rather than just use white-gray, which lead to Silver's color and name.[151] Additionally, Silver's backstory was inspired by Trunks from the 1984 manga Dragon Ball, who made a similar journey to the past to kill two androids that would eradicate most of humanity in his own time; the script for Sonic the Hedgehog (2006) flat-out states "Essentially, think Trunks from Dragon Ball Z."[153]

Since his first appearance in Sonic the Hedgehog (2006), he has mainly appeared in the Sonic series' spinoffs, multiplayer games, and small cameo roles. He is one of the playable characters in Sonic Rivals and Sonic Rivals 2, a playable character strictly in the multiplayer modes in Sonic and the Secret Rings and Sonic and the Black Knight, a playable racer in Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity,[154]Sonic Free Riders and Team Sonic Racing, and a playable athlete in the Mario & Sonic series beginning with Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games. He appears in Sonic Generations as a boss in the stages Crisis City (console version) and Tropical Resort (3DS version). Additionally, Silver was one of a few Sega characters to make a cameo in Super Smash Bros. Brawl, in the background of Sonic's Green Hill Zone stage,[155] and as a trophy and sticker.[156]

The character has generally not been very well-received by critics.[157][158]

Orbot and Cubot

Orbot[aj] () is a red robotic assistant of Dr. Eggman who first appears in Sonic Unleashed. While he generally assists in monitoring Eggman's data, he often makes sarcastic remarks pointing out general flaws in Eggman's plans, prompting a quick smack in return. He appears again in Sonic Colors, alongside a similar yellow robot named Cubot[ak] ().[159] Conversely to Orbot, Cubot is rather slow, not witty, and suffers from a defect in Sonic Colors that causes him to randomly speak with different accents.[160] The two have continued to appear as assistants to Dr. Eggman in subsequent titles, such as Sonic Generations,Sonic Lost World and Sonic Forces. The duo made a cameo in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games as one of the helping characters in the London Party, copying stickers for the participants.[161] The duo appeared in Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games as the hosts of the Action and Answer Tour and in the Sonic Boom animated series. Digital Spy praised their inclusion in the plot of Sonic Colors, especially Cubot for his humorous observations and self-awareness about the game's tropes.[159]


Wisps[al] are a race of extraterrestrial creatures who live on a grassy, lush planet called Planet Wisp.[162][163] The mother of all Wisps is a much larger, pink one named Mother Wisp.[164] She created Planet Wisp and raised all of her children.[165] Wisps speak a common language that Sonic and Tails cannot understand,[166] though Tails builds a translation device in the game Sonic Colors.[167] Their Japanese and English name comes from Tails' translation of a word in their language;[168] other characters in the game refer to them as "aliens".[169][170] Wisps are composed of an energy force called "Hyper-go-ons",[171] which they can use to phase into the body of playable protagonist Sonic and give him temporary elemental powers.[162][172] They come in numerous breeds, each carrying one of many elemental powers known as "Color Powers".[162] When Sonic collects a Wisp, he can use its power once at will; however, he can only carry one at a time.[173]

There are numerous types of Wisps, each with its own special ability. Colors introduced ten types between the Wii and Nintendo DS versions of the game; some only appear in one version. For example, Purple Wisps, whose "Frenzy" ability turns Sonic into a difficult-to-control demon that can chomp through obstacles, is exclusive to the Wii version,[174] but Violet Wisps, which scale up Sonic's density to black hole-like levels and causes him to absorb enemies, obstacles, and rings, appear only in the DS version.[175] However, others appear in both versions, such as Yellow Wisps, which allow Sonic to drill underground and find otherwise inaccessible areas.[174]Lost World introduced more types of Wisps while keeping some old types.[176] Among these are Magenta Wisps, which bounce Sonic across paths of musical notes by having the player tap them on the Wii U's touch screen,[177] and Black Wisps, which turn Sonic into a bomb that can roll over enemies and explode.[178] The Colors manual describes each type of Wisp as having a different general personality; for example, Cyan Wisps, which allow Sonic to bounce off surfaces, are scatterbrained and energetic, while Orange Wisps, which blast him rapidly into the air, have fluctuating and explosive emotions.[179]

In Sonic Colors, Eggman builds an amusement park spanning the Wisps' planets under the pretense of making up for past transgressions.[163][180][181] Suspicious, Sonic and Tails investigate and rescue two Wisps from Orbot and Cubot.[170][182][183] One of them, a talkative male White Wisp named Yacker, tags along with Sonic and Tails during the game.[184] It turns out that Eggman is converting Wisps to a corrupted, purple (Wii version) or violet (DS version) state to fuel a mind control ray and control the universe.[185][186][187] Sonic frees Wisps from their confines in each level,[188] then uses several of them to defeat Eggman at the end of the game.[189] However, Eggman's mind control cannon malfunctions and creates a black hole, which sucks Sonic in until the Wisps combine their power to pull him out and neutralize the black hole.[190] Yacker frees the remaining Wisps, reverts them from their corrupted form, thanks Sonic and Tails,[191] and leaves.[192] The DS version features Mother Wisp as a post-game boss, as she was corrupted by the corrupted Wisps' Hyper-go-ons.[193][194] Wisps have also appeared in the level "Planet Wisp" in Sonic Generations[195] and the comics.[196] Iizuka stated in an interview that the Wisps were added to Colors to "expand and strengthen the platformaction gameplay" without forcing the player to switch to other playable characters.[197] Another goal was to encourage players to revisit already-played levels; Sonic Team accomplished this by adding segments requiring certain types of Wisps to levels preceding their first appearances.[198] Iizuka has said that he now considers them a staple in the Sonic series.[199]

Critics have given mixed opinions toward Wisps and their integration into Sonic gameplay. IGN's Arthur Gies called them "the big addition" to Sonic Colors, outshining its polished physics and controls.[162] Dave McComb of film magazine Empire called them "cutesy" and "strange",[200] while John Meyer of Wired found them "cuddly" and Dale North of Destructoid called them "a cute little alien race".[201][202] Randy Nelson from Joystiq called them "plush" and speculated that they could easily lend their image to profitable merchandise.[203] Positive attention has been directed at the variety of Wisps available in Sonic Colors and Lost World and at the variety of gameplay styles they brought to the titles: for example, Gies stated that "almost all of them add interesting quirks to Sonic's basic abilities."[162] Reviewing the Nintendo DS version of Colors, Tim Turi from Game Informer stated that "each adds an interesting new gameplay mechanic" to the game.[175] Gies and Turi also praised the ability to revisit old levels with Wisps unlocked afterwards.[162][175]Nintendo Power's Steve Thomason identified them as "a truly interesting addition to the Sonic formula" amidst a series of missteps, and praised their "cleverly designed" variety.[174]Computer and Video Games writer Chris Scullion described Wisps in Lost World as "familiar power-ups that emulate mechanics in Mario's Wii adventures" as part of a larger, ambivalent point about the game being derivative of Super Mario Galaxy.[204] However, control and pacing aspects of the Wisps in general, as well as of individual types, have been criticized: for example, Turi opined that "for almost every useful ability there is a complete dud" and bemoaned the Wii controls.[205] Justin Speer from GameTrailers thought similarly and added that the Wisps "don't really feel like they belong".[206]Hardcore Gamer Magazine's review of Lost World stated that none of the Wisps make satisfying use of the Wii U's gamepad.[207] Chris Shilling of Eurogamer found them to "lead to clumsy touchscreen or gyro interludes that kill a level's pacing."[208]

Sticks the Badger

Sticks the Badger[am] is an orange and brown badger, first introduced in the animated Sonic Boom television series. Her characteristics are wild, energetic and paranoid, having lived in the wilderness alone for most of her life. Nonetheless, she is portrayed as wanting to strengthen her newfound friendship with Sonic, Amy, Tails and Knuckles.[209]

Sticks appears in a non-playable role in Sonic Boom: Rise of Lyric and as a playable character in Sonic Boom: Shattered Crystal.

She is described as "infantile" by Scott Thompson of IGN[210] and an "unlikeable idiot" by Becky Cunningham of GamesRadar,[211] albeit a "nice addition" by Chris Carter of Destructoid.[212]

Sticks has appeared in other Sonic Boom titles, including Sonic Dash 2: Sonic Boom and Sonic Boom: Fire & Ice, and has appeared in other Sonic titles not associated with the Boom sub-series, such as Sonic Runners and Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.


  1. ^Japanese: ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ, Hepburn: Sonikku Za Hejjihoggu
  2. ^Japanese: ロボトニック, Hepburn: Robotonikku
  3. ^Japanese: ドクター・エッグマン, Hepburn: Dokutā Egguman
  4. ^Japanese: マイルス・パウアー, Hepburn: Mairusu Pauā
  5. ^Japanese: テイルス, Hepburn: Teirusu
  6. ^Japanese: エミー・ローズ, Hepburn: Emī Rōzu
  7. ^Japanese: メタル・ソニック, Hepburn: Metaru Sonikku
  8. ^Japanese: ナックルズ・ザ・エキドゥナ, Hepburn: Nakkurusu Za Ekiduna
  9. ^Japanese: ファング・ザ・スナイパ, Hepburn: Fangu Za Sunaipā
  10. ^Japanese: チャーミー・ビー, Hepburn: Chāmī Bī
  11. ^Japanese: エスピオ・ザ・カメレオン, Hepburn: Esupio Za Kamereon
  12. ^Japanese: マイティー・ザ・アルマジロ, Hepburn: Maitī Za Arumajiro
  13. ^Japanese: ベクター・ザ・クロコダイル, Hepburn: Bekutā Za Kurokodairu
  14. ^Japanese: ビッグ・ザ・キャット, Hepburn: Biggu za Kyatto
  15. ^Japanese: カエルくん, Hepburn: Kaeru-kun
  16. ^Japanese: カオス, Hepburn: Kaosu
  17. ^Japanese: アルファ, Hepburn: Arufa
  18. ^Japanese: E-102ガンマ, Hepburn: Ī-Ichi-Zero-Ni Ganma
  19. ^Japanese: オメガ, Hepburn: Omega
  20. ^Japanese: オモチャオ
  21. ^Japanese: ティカル, Hepburn: Tikaru
  22. ^Japanese: パチャカマ, Hepburn: Pachakama
  23. ^Japanese: シャドウ・ザ・ヘッジホッグ, Hepburn: Shadō Za Hejjihoggu
  24. ^Japanese: プロフェッサー・ジェラルド・ロボトニック, Hepburn: Purofessā Jerarudo Robotonikku
  25. ^Japanese: マリア・ロボトニック, Hepburn: Maria Robotonikku
  26. ^Japanese: ルージュ・ザ・バット, Hepburn: Rūju Za Batto
  27. ^Japanese: クリーム・ザ・ラビット, Hepburn: Kurīmu Za Rabitto
  28. ^Japanese: チーズ, Hepburn: Chīzu
  29. ^Japanese: 司令官, Hepburn: Shireikan
  30. ^Japanese: ブレイズ・ザ・キャット, Hepburn: Bureizu Za Kyatto
  31. ^Japanese: エッグマン・ネガ, Hepburn: Egguman Nega
  32. ^Japanese: ジェット・ザ・ホーク, Hepburn: Jetto Za Hōku
  33. ^Japanese: ウェーブ・ザ・スワロー, Hepburn: Wēbu Za Suwarō
  34. ^Japanese: ストーム・ザ・アルバトロス, Hepburn: Sutōmu Za Arubatorosu
  35. ^Japanese: シルバー・ザ・ヘッジホッグ, Hepburn: Shirubā Za Hejjihoggu
  36. ^Japanese: オーボット, Hepburn: Ōbotto
  37. ^Japanese: キューボット, Hepburn: Kyūbotto
  38. ^Japanese: ウィスプ, Hepburn: Uisupu
  39. ^Japanese: スティックス・ザ・バジャー, Hepburn: Sutikkusu Za Bajā


  1. ^Kent, Steven. "Chapter 23". The Ultimate History of Video Games: The Story Behind the Craze that Touched our Lives and Changed the World. Roseville, California: Prima Publishing. p. 428. ISBN .
  2. ^Amy's profile from the Sonic Adventure manual
  3. ^Sega (1991). Sonic the Hedgehog instruction manual (English version), pp. 4
  4. ^Sega (1999). Sonic Adventure instruction manual, pp. 31
  5. ^Sega (2001). Sonic Adventure 2 instruction manual, pp. 9
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