1994 bmw motorcycle

1994 bmw motorcycle DEFAULT

BMW began building motorcycle engines and then motorcycles after World War I. Its motorcycle brand is now known as BMW Motorrad. Their first successful motorcycle, after the failed Helios and Flink, was the "R32" in 1923. This had a "Boxer" twin engine, in which a cylinder projects into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart from their single cylinder models (basically to the same pattern), all their motorcycles used this distinctive layout until the early 1980s. Many BMWs are still produced in this layout, which is designated the R Series.

During the Second World War, BMW produced the BMW R75 motorcycle with a sidecar attached. Featuring a unique design copied from the Zündapp KS750, its sidecar wheel was also motor-driven. Combined with a lockable differential, this made the vehicle very capable off-road, an equivalent in many ways to the Jeep.

In 1983, came the K Series, shaft drive but water-cooled and with either three or four cylinders mounted in a straight line from front to back. Shortly after, BMW also started making the chain-driven F and G series with single and parallel twin Rotax engines.

In the early 1990s, BMW updated the airhead Boxer engine which became known as the oilhead. In 2002, the oilhead engine had two spark plugs per cylinder. In 2004 it added a built-in balance shaft, an increased capacity to 1170 cc and enhanced performance to 100 hp (75 kW) for the R1200GS, compared to 85 hp (63 kW) of the previous R1150GS. More powerful variants of the oilhead and hexhead engines are available in the R1100S and R1200S, producing 98 hp (73 kW) and 122 hp (91 kW), respectively.

In 2004, BMW introduced the new K1200S Sports Bike which marked a departure for BMW. It is both powerful (the engine is a 167 hp (125 kW) unit derived from the company's work with the Williams F1 team) and significantly lighter than previous K models. It was BMW's latest attempt to keep up with the pace of development of sports machines from the likes of Honda, Kawasaki, Yamaha, and Suzuki. Innovations include a unique electronically adjustable front and rear suspension, and a Hossack-type front fork BMW calls Duolever.

BMW was one of the earliest manufacturers to offer anti-lock brakes on production motorcycles starting in the late 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brakes available on the 2006 and later BMW motorcycles pave the way for the introduction of sophisticated electronic stability control, or anti-skid technology – a first for production motorcycles – later in the 2007 model year.

BMW has been an innovator in motorcycle suspension design, taking up telescopic front suspension long before most other manufacturers. Then they switched to Earles Fork, front suspension by swinging fork (1955 to 1969). Most modern BMWs are truly rear swingarm, single sided at the back (compare with the regular swinging fork usually, and wrongly, called swinging arm).

Some BMWs started using yet another trademark front suspension design, the Telelever, in the early 1990s. Like the Earles Fork, the Telelever significantly reduces dive under braking.

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MANUFACTURER SPECIFICATIONS


Manufacturer – Make – Model – Year: BMW K 1100 LT 1994
Motorcycle Style: Touring

ENGINE SPECS

Engine Type: 1092 cc, 4 Stroke – Liquid Cooled – Inline Four
Engine Bore and Stroke: 70.5 mm x 70 mm
Compression Ratio: 11,0:1
Valves 4 valves/cylinder
Ignition System: electronic injection, Bosch Motronic MA 2.2
Claimed Horsepower: 100 hp (74.6 kW) @ 7500 rpm
Maximum Torque: 107 Nm (78.9 ft. lbs) @ 5500 rpm

Transmission type: 5 speed
Final Drive: Shaft

MISCELLANEOUS SPECS

Tire – Front: 110/80-18
Tire – Rear: 140/80-17
Brakes – Front: dual 305 mm discs with 4-piston calipers
Brakes – Rear: single 285 mm disc with 2-piston calipers

DIMENSIONS

Overall – Length: 2250 mm (88.6 inches)
Overall – Width: 915 mm (36 inches)
Overall – Height: 1450 mm (57.1 inches)
Seat Height: 810 mm (31.9 inches)
Wheelbase 1565 mm (61.6 inches)
Fuel Capacity: 22 l (5.8 Gal)
Dry Weight (without fluids): 290 kg (639.3 pounds)

Sours: https://www.totalmotorcycle.com/motorcyclespecshandbook/bmw/1994-BMW-K1100LT
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BMW R1100RS

Sport-touring motorcycle

The BMW R1100RS is a sport-touringmotorcycle that was manufactured by BMW Motorrad between 1993 and 2001,[3] and was the first BMW motorcycle to use the R259 "Oilhead" boxer engine.

Design[edit]

The R259 1,085 cc flat-twin engine has a maximum output of 90 horsepower (67 kW).[4] The engine was named "Oilhead" as it had air-cooled cylinders but oil-cooled heads.

The BMW R1100RS used a frameless design, using the engine as a stressed member, an approach used by BMW for all subsequent oilheads (except the R1100S). Instead of having conventional telescopic forks, the R1100RS used BMW's own Telelever suspension which bolted directly to the engine. The Telelever design has a superficially similar appearance to telescopic forks, but braking forces are taken back horizontally, minimising "fork dive". A rear subframe supported the rider, passenger and luggage.[5][6] Both fully faired and half-faired variants were available.[5]

In 1993 the engine was adopted for the R1100GS.[3][7] In 1999, a more powerful six-speed version of the R259 engine was fitted in the BMW R1100S. In 2013 BMW introduced liquid-cooling for their flat-twin motorcycle engines,[8] but the company still fit oilhead boxer engines to roadsters such as the R nineT and the R1100R.

Awards[edit]

The R1100RS was marketed in the United States from 1994, when it was chosen as Cycle World's best standard motorcycle of 1994.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abCook, Marc (December 2000), "Return of the original oil head", Motorcyclist
  2. ^ abEdwards, David (October 1994), "Best standard bike: BMW R1100GS", Cycle World, 33 (10): 45
  3. ^ ab"BMW history: BMW celebrates its anniversary / the new boxer". BMW Motorrad. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  4. ^Salvadori, Clement (March 3, 1994), "Updated boxer engine packs plenty of punch on the road", Orlando Sentinel, retrieved 2013-05-19
  5. ^ abCameron, Kevin (January 1993), "Brave new Beemer", Cycle World, 32 (1): 45, ISSN 0011-4286
  6. ^Bill Stermer (July 2005), "2005 BMW R1200ST", Rider: 42,
  7. ^Zimmerman, Mark (2003), BMW motorcycle buyer's guide, Motorbooks International, p. 106, ISBN ,
  8. ^Cameron, Kevin (December 21, 2012), "BMW's all-new water-cooled boxer — tech preview: It only took 90 years...", Cycle World

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMW_R1100RS
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